Vegan Cheesesteak With Yuba (Tofu Skin) and Mushrooms Recipe

A vegan cheesesteak cut in half with vegan cheese dripping out

Serious Eats / Vicky Wasik

Why It Works

  • A rich mushroom stock fortified with vegetable base adds meaty flavor to the yuba.
  • Thick yuba sheets hold up to simmering in the mushroom stock and have a nice chewy bite.
  • Shredded, roasted trumpet mushrooms soak up any extra sauce, preventing the sandwich from getting soggy.
  • Deep, toasty flavors of caramel give the filling dimension and balance.

If it makes you uneasy, feel free to call it a yuba sandwich. Thick sheets of yuba are sliced and smothered in an umami-packed mushroom broth before tossing with caramelized onions and roasted trumpet mushrooms. Everything gets packed into a crusty roll smeared with vegan "cheese." Even if it's not exactly a cheesesteak, there's no denying that it's darn delicious.

Recipe Facts



Active: 90 mins
Total: 2 hrs 30 mins
Serves: 6 sandwiches

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For the Mushroom Stock:

  • 7 cups (20 ounces; 560g) button mushrooms, washed and quartered

  • 1 medium (10 ounces; 280g) onion, quartered

  • 8 cloves (2 ounces; 60g) garlic, roughly smashed

  • 4 small (9.5 ounces; 270g) carrots, cut into large chunks

  • 4 ribs (12 ounces; 340g) celery, cut into large chunks

  • 5 tablespoons (2.5 ounces; 70g) vegetable oil, divided

  • 1 teaspoon kosher salt

  • 1 tablespoon (.5 ounce; 15g) tomato paste

  • 3 tablespoons (1.5 ounces; 45g) vegetable base, such as Better Than Bouillon

For the Cheesesteak Filling:

  • 1.5 packages (15 ounces; 420g) beancurd sheets (yuba)

  • 6 tablespoons (1.5 ounces; 45g) vegetable oil, divided

  • 2 medium (20 ounces; 560g) onion, thinly sliced

  • 3 cups (8 ounces; 220g) royal trumpet mushroom, shredded lengthwise

  • Kosher salt and black pepper to taste

  • 1/4 cup (1.75 ounces; 50g) sugar

  • 1 teaspoon smoked paprika

  • 1/2 teaspoon garlic powder

  • 2 tablespoons (1 ounce; 30g) spicy brown mustard

  • Vegan Nacho Cheese Sauce (see note)

  • 6 hoagie buns


  1. For the mushroom stock: Preheat your oven to 450°F (232°C). In a large bowl, toss together the mushroom, onion, garlic, carrot, celery, 4 tablespoons of vegetable oil and kosher salt. Spread onto two foil-lined sheet trays. Roast until deeply browned, about 45 minutes, tossing vegetables every 15 minutes.

  2. In a 4-quart sauce pot over medium heat, add remaining 1 tablespoon of oil and tomato paste. Cook tomato paste until caramelized and deep mahogany, about 5 minutes. Add 6 cups (48 ounces; 1.3L) water, roasted vegetables, and vegetable base. Simmer for 45 minutes. Using a fine-mesh sieve, strain mushroom stock, pressing firmly on solids.

  3. For the cheesesteak filling: Remove yuba from package and cut into 1-inch strips. (Optional: Place cut yuba in a large bowl and cover tightly with plastic wrap. Place the nozzle of a smoking gun under the plastic wrap. Light smoking gun until the bowl fills with smoke. Let the yuba sit in the smoke for 30 minutes, adding more smoke as needed.)

  4. While stock is simmering, over medium-low heat in a medium saucepan, heat 3 tablespoons of oil and add onions. Cook gently until caramelized, scraping up any brown bits from the bottom of the pan with a splash of water as needed.

  5. Toss the shredded trumpet mushroom with the remaining 3 tablespoons of oil and season with salt and pepper. Spread onto a foil-lined sheet tray and roast at 450°F (232°C) until golden brown and crisp, about 20 minutes.

  6. In a large saute pan over high heat, add the sugar and caramelize until deep golden brown. Add the yuba strips, stirring to distribute caramel. Add the paprika, garlic powder, mushroom stock, and black pepper. Simmer until most of the liquid has reduced and the yuba is glazed. Remove from heat and stir in the mustard, caramelized onions, and roasted trumpet mushrooms.

  7. To assemble the sandwiches: If desired, warm or toast the hoagie buns. Split open the buns and spread with 1/4 cup of Vegan Nacho Cheese Sauce. Divide the yuba filling among the six buns and top with extra cheese. Serve immediately.

Special equipment

Half sheet pan, fine-mesh strainer, smoking gun (optional)


Kenji's recipe for Vegan Nacho Cheese Sauce has a lot of heat and a southwestern taste. For something with flavors closer to a true cheesesteak omit the jalapeño, chipotle, and hot sauce. Instead, add 1 teaspoon tomato paste to the onions and blend in 1/2 cup nutritional yeast flakes at the end. If you do not own a smoking gun, you can use a wok to smoke the yuba, or you can add 1/4 teaspoon (1ml) good-quality liquid smoke, such as Wright's or Colgin to the yuba mixture at the end of Step 6.

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Nutrition Facts (per serving)
1074 Calories
76g Fat
68g Carbs
42g Protein
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Nutrition Facts
Servings: 6
Amount per serving
Calories 1074
% Daily Value*
Total Fat 76g 97%
Saturated Fat 18g 89%
Cholesterol 73mg 24%
Sodium 2444mg 106%
Total Carbohydrate 68g 25%
Dietary Fiber 9g 31%
Total Sugars 25g
Protein 42g
Vitamin C 20mg 101%
Calcium 587mg 45%
Iron 10mg 56%
Potassium 1512mg 32%
*The % Daily Value (DV) tells you how much a nutrient in a food serving contributes to a daily diet. 2,000 calories a day is used for general nutrition advice.
(Nutrition information is calculated using an ingredient database and should be considered an estimate.)