Khao Khua (Thai Toasted-Rice Powder) Recipe

Slow and steady is the best way to coax deep, nutty flavors out of toasted-rice powder.

A small bowl of khao khua, or Thai toasted-rice powder, set on a table.

Serious Eats / Vicky Wasik

Why It Works

  • Slowly toasting dry sticky rice ensures that the grains cook and color evenly.
  • Toasting the grains to a much deeper golden brown than called for in most other recipes produces a toasted-rice powder with a deep nutty flavor and a popcorn-like aroma.

In northern Thailand and Laossticky rice reigns supreme. It can be found simply steamed at most meals, where it doubles as both primary starch and eating utensil.

Sticky rice is both made from and commonly referred to as glutinous rice. Steamed, it's used as a binder in savory sausages, and it also finds its way into sweet dishes like coconut sticky rice with mango. Most of these applications take advantage of the grain's titular sticky properties, but that isn't the case with one of the staple building-block ingredients of Northern Thai and Lao cuisines—toasted-rice powder.

Toasted-rice powder is a pantry staple in the region, lending texture and nutty, roasted flavor to larb and thickening soups and dipping sauces, like dried-chile jaew. It's made by slowly toasting dry, raw sticky rice in a dry pan, then grinding it into a coarse powder.

You can certainly find premade toasted-rice powder in well-stocked Thai markets, but the flavor of the homemade stuff is far superior, and it couldn't be easier to make. It also means one fewer ingredient that you'll have to purchase, since, if you're making a recipe that involves toasted-rice powder, odds are you'll also be making steamed sticky rice.

All it takes to make it is a little sticky rice, some patience, and a spice grinder or mortar and pestle. Here's how to do it.

Step 1: Toast the Rice

Tossing sticky rice in a skillet.

Serious Eats / Vicky Wasik

Start by grabbing a handful of dry, uncooked sticky rice and putting it in a dry skillet. Then shake the pan so that the rice settles in an even layer, and turn on your burner to medium.

"Wait, do I need to soak the rice first?" you might ask. No, you don't. There are a number of toasted-rice powder recipes out there that call for soaking the rice in water before browning it on the stovetop, but when I toasted presoaked and dry rice side by side, I found that soaking doesn't noticeably affect the texture or flavor of the finished product—though it does manage to slow the whole process down.

Since we're using dry rice, though, take care: It's important to toast the rice very slowly so that it takes on color evenly, and so that the outer layer doesn't burn before the center's had a chance to cook.

To keep the rice toasting evenly, regularly shake and toss the grains in the pan to redistribute them. If the rice starts to scorch, smolder, or do anything kooky, do the logical thing and turn the heat down a tad. After about 10 minutes, the grains should turn a pale golden brown, as in the photo above.

You'll be tempted to call it a day and remove the pan from the heat. Don't. In an early round of testing, I pulled the rice at this point and moved on to the grinding stage. Unsurprisingly, that batch of rice powder didn't deliver the nutty flavor I'd been hoping for.

Step 2: Keep Toasting

Fortunately, I had taken a photo of the too-pale rice before grinding it up, and sent it to a friend who is an authority on Thai cuisine. His response: "Cool, man, but just so you know, you need to go way darker on the rice." So I got another batch of rice in the skillet and toasted it slowly for 25 minutes, until it reached a deep golden brown and the entire kitchen smelled of popcorn.

Transferring toasted rice from a skillet to a small baking sheet to cool.

Serious Eats / Vicky Wasik

At this point, transfer the rice from the hot skillet to a rimmed baking sheet to halt the cooking process. As with toasting spices, if you try to cool down the rice in the pan you used to toast it, you run the risk of scorching it with carryover cooking. And, as with spices, you need to let the rice cool to room temperature before grinding it into a powder, or it can turn cakey.

Step 3: Rice and Grind

Transferring toasted rice to a spice grinder.

Serious Eats / Vicky Wasik

To turn the toasted rice into a powder, you can take the traditional route and grind it manually using a mortar and pestle, or you can simply buzz the rice up in a spice grinder. Both methods work just fine, and neither has a noticeable impact on flavor.

The only thing you need to avoid is grinding the rice into too fine a powder. It should be slightly coarse, like the texture of coffee ground for pourover brewing, not espresso.

If you go with the spice grinder, make sure to pulse the rice instead of just letting the grinder rip continuously. Once you have the rice powder at the proper consistency, it's good to go. Use it right away, or transfer it to an airtight container and store it at room temperature for up to a couple of months.

Congratulations: You've just added another low-effort, high-flavor-reward pantry item to your cook's toolbox.

May 2019

Recipe Facts

Prep: 5 mins
Cook: 25 mins
Active: 5 mins
Cooling Time: 5 mins
Total: 35 mins
Serves: 8 servings
Makes: 1/2 cup

Rate & Comment


  • 1/2 cup Thai sticky rice (3 1/2 ounces; 100g); see notes


  1. Place rice in a 12-inch stainless steel skillet and shake pan to distribute grains into an even layer. Cook over medium heat, shaking skillet frequently to redistribute rice into an even layer, until rice is lightly golden, about 10 minutes. If rice begins to scorch, lower heat to medium-low.

    Toasting sticky rice in a stainless steel skillet.
  2. Continue to cook, shaking skillet frequently, until rice is deep golden brown, 15 to 20 minutes longer. Remove from heat, transfer rice to a rimmed baking sheet, and let cool to room temperature, 5 to 8 minutes.

    Toasted sticky rice cooling in a baking sheet.
  3. Transfer toasted rice to a spice grinder or the bowl of a mortar and pestle. Grind to a coarse powder with a texture similar to that of ground coffee used for pourover brewing. Allow rice powder to cool to room temperature, then store in a dry, airtight container.

    Finely ground rice powder.

    Serious Eats / Vicky Wasik

Special Equipment

12-inch stainless steel skillet, spice grinder or mortar and pestle


Thai sticky rice (also sold as "sweet" and "glutinous" rice) can be found online and at Asian markets; other varieties of sticky short-grain rice, such as sushi and risotto rice, will not work as a substitute here.

Make-Ahead and Storage

Toasted-rice powder can be stored in an airtight container at room temperature for up to two months.

Read More

Nutrition Facts (per serving)
17 Calories
0g Fat
4g Carbs
0g Protein
Show Full Nutrition Label Hide Full Nutrition Label
Nutrition Facts
Servings: 8
Amount per serving
Calories 17
% Daily Value*
Total Fat 0g 0%
Saturated Fat 0g 0%
Cholesterol 0mg 0%
Sodium 21mg 1%
Total Carbohydrate 4g 1%
Dietary Fiber 0g 0%
Total Sugars 0g
Protein 0g
Vitamin C 0mg 0%
Calcium 0mg 0%
Iron 0mg 0%
Potassium 3mg 0%
*The % Daily Value (DV) tells you how much a nutrient in a food serving contributes to a daily diet. 2,000 calories a day is used for general nutrition advice.
(Nutrition information is calculated using an ingredient database and should be considered an estimate.)