The Best Squash Lasagna Recipe

The ultimate fall-inspired casserole with squash, apple, pasta, and plenty of cheese.

Cross-section view of a wedge of squash lasagna.

Serious Eats / J. Kenji Lopez-Alt

Why It Works

  • Using no-boil pasta sheets soaked in water takes a fraction of the effort of boiling traditional lasagna noodles and delivers superior results.
  • Slow-roasting squash enhances its sweetness and intensifies its flavor.
  • We incorporate squash in two ways: as a creamy purée enhanced with cream cheese, and sautéed in butter.
  • Sautéing cubes of apple along with the pumpkin enhances its flavor without distracting.

If there's one thing I learned as a restaurant cook—particularly during my days as the daytime lunch cook—it was how to find creative ways to reuse leftovers. Those end pieces of cod meat and bacon rinds? That'd become the lunch special chowder. Only got six confit duck legs left over from last night's service? No problem: I'll pick the meat off, grab some of those cognac syrup-poached prunes from the cheese cart, some hazelnuts from the pantry, and we've got ourselves a composed frisée salad on the menu.

It's not just a no-waste approach, it's a you'd better not waste that and it had better damn well taste better than reheated leftovers! approach, and it's one that I've carried with me back into civilian life, and it's how this recipe was born.

Plated portion of squash lasagna.

Serious Eats / J. Kenji Lopez-Alt

After a couple weeks of testing recipes for my pumpkin pizza, I was left with a half dozen roasted squashes and pumpkins, a whole bunch of diced pumpkin, and a good deal of Gruyère, apple, and sage—all ingredients that had gone into the other recipe.

I figured those techniques worked well enough together for the pizza, why wouldn't they work well for a lasagna as well? Turns out they do. All it takes is a little adaptation.

Here's how to do it.

The Squash

I started with kabocha squash (a.k.a. Japanese pumpkin) which I find has the deepest pumpkin flavor of all the common varieties available in the supermarket.

Though the kabocha is referred to both as a squash and as a pumpkin, ask me why the pizza recipe was pumpkin pizza but this one is squash lasagna. Go ahead and ask. Okay, I'll tell you: It's because Google tells me that more people search for pumpkin pizza than squash pizza, but more people search for squash lasagna than pumpkin lasagna. Cynical, right?

Whole kabocha squash on a wooden cutting board.

Serious Eats / J. Kenji Lopez-Alt

I split it in half and scooped out the seeds with a spoon. You can save those seeds for roasting if you'd like. Might I suggest a few variations?

Next the squash gets coated in a little olive oil, seasoned with salt and pepper, and parked in a moderate oven to slowly roast.

As the squash slowly heats up, enzymes naturally present in its flesh will break down its starches into shorter, sweeter simple sugars which subsequently caramelize and brown, giving the squash plenty of sweet, rich flavor.

Roasted kabocha squash quarters in cast-iron skillet.

By the time it's done roasting, it should be easy to scoop out of the skin with a spoon.

Grating nutmeg with microplane over a food processor bowl of cooked squash.

Serious Eats / J. Kenji Lopez-Alt

For the filling, I played with a number of options, including straight-up squash (not rich and creamy enough), as well as enhancing it with things like heavy cream, crème fraîche, cheese, béchamel, and sour cream.

In the end I took a tip out of our extra-smooth pumpkin pie recipe by processing the flesh with cream cheese, an ingredient that helped the squash stay completely smooth and creamy while also adding some richness and tang.

Some butter also added richness, while an egg helps it to set and stay light as it bakes. A pinch of nutmeg and cinnamon enhances its flavor. The mixture was tasty, but it wasn't quite sweet enough, even with the slow roasting. A drizzle of maple syrup fixed it up.

As with my pizza, I found that adding squash in two different forms—as a roasted purée and sautéed—added some nice texture and flavor to the dish.

Sauteing diced apple and squash a in cast-iron skillet.

Serious Eats / J. Kenji Lopez-Alt

And just as with the pizza, I added some of those diced apples to the mix as well. They don't taste particularly apple-y when combined with all the other elements, but they add some pleasant sweetness.

I sauté the squash and apple in butter until nicely browned then stir in some fresh sage. Squash and sage were born to be together. Who am I to keep 'em apart?

The Noodles

I'm a strong advocate of making things from scratch, but I'm also a strong advocate of doing things the easy way when the easy way is still pretty darn good. Sometimes this puts one part of my brain at odds with the other. Usually the thriftier, lazier side of the brain wins out.

If you want to roll out your own lasagna noodles or use store-bought fresh noodles and blanch them, you win much respect in my book. But if you reach for the box of no-boil, flat-rolled noodles (way better and easier than those wavy must-boil-first noodles, for the record), then you're still in pretty good shape. The real key is to soak them in cold water before using them.

If used straight out of the box, it's tough to predict precisely how much liquid they're going to absorb and your lasagna could end up dry. Soaking them helps mitigate this.

I soak my noodles for about half an hour while I prep other ingredients, then transfer them to clean kitchen towels to blot off any excess surface moisture.

The White Sauce

Just as there's no truly excellent bath out there that doesn't contain bubbles, I'm convinced that there's no truly excellent lasagna out there that doesn't contain a creamy white sauce. In fact, I'd go so far as to say that a good 25% of life's woes could be solved by coating them in creamy white sauce.

The one in this recipe is pretty basic. I start with a little garlic sautéed gently in butter before adding some flour.

I cook the flour down, whisking it the whole time to prevent burning, then I slowly whisk in some milk.

Whisking milk into a saucepan of roux.

Serious Eats / J. Kenji Lopez-Alt

The key to good white sauce is right here. Make sure you don't pour the milk in too fast. When you first add it, the sauce should sputter and spit before thickening up into a thick sludge. You'll be tempted to pour in the milk fast to thin it out, but resist the urge! Continue in a steady stream, whisking vigorously the whole time until it's all incorporated.

Once it comes to a boil again, it should thicken up, at which point it's ready for the cheese. I use Gruyère for this lasagna, though Fontina or even low-moisture mozzarella would work fine.

You know how I told you that slowly incorporating the milk is the key to good white sauce?

Here's an even better trick:

Smoothing out lumps in white sauce with an immersion blender.

Serious Eats / J. Kenji Lopez-Alt

Just apply some mechanical force and beat the crap out of it. A stick blender or a standing blender will smooth out any lumps, giving you a creamy, glossy sauce with the kind of lustrous shine that shampoo commercial models only dream of.


With our fillings ready—the squash purée, the sautéed squash and apple, and the Gruyère béchamel—and our noodles soaked, it's time to assembly our lasagna. This is the fun part.

I start with a layer of white sauce on the very bottom of the pan to make sure that the noodles don't stick. Then I layer on the noodles. Rather than going three in the same orientation, I lay one vertically and the other two horizontally.

Layering pasta sheets over white sauce in a baking dish.

Serious Eats / J. Kenji Lopez-Alt

Place the noodles on top...

Smoothing squash puree over pasta sheets in a baking dish.

Serious Eats / J. Kenji Lopez-Alt

...then a layer of about one-fifth of the purée...followed by a quarter of the sautéed mixture and a sixth of the white sauce.

Layering sauteed squash and apples on top of squash puree.
Layering pasta sheets over fillings in a baking dish.

Serious Eats / J. Kenji Lopez-Alt

When laying on the next layer of noodles, I'll swap the side that the vertical noodle is on so that they interlock and give the whole thing better structure.

This layering gets repeated three more times until all of the sautéed pumpkin is used, and you're left with just the top layer.

Sprinkling shredding cheese over squash lasagna filling.

Serious Eats / J. Kenji Lopez-Alt

For that I add my noodles, top them with the remaining pumpkin purée followed by about 4 ounces of plain grated Gruyère. The remaining white sauce gets drizzled over the top, then into the oven it goes. Whenever I make a cheese-topped casserole like lasagna or baked ziti, I like to start it under aluminum foil. This encourages the cheese to melt evenly over the surface before it gets a chance to dry out or brown.

I then remove the foil and let it continue baking until browned and bubbly. Doesn't that look like a big ol' pan full of fall right there?

Cutting into a pan of squash lasagna.

Serious Eats / J. Kenji Lopez-Alt

It's important to let lasagna rest a bit before trying to cut it, if clean, neat portions are your concern. If not, then just throw the dish in the middle of the table and let your friends and family go at it like a pack of heathens. There are no judgments here.

There's always a debate in my head when I start to serve lasagna. On the one hand, it's always nice to get the first slice out of a casserole. On the other, you know that the second piece is going to be the prettiest because you've got yourself space to slide that spatula underneath.

Lifting a portion of squash lasagna out of the baking dish.

Serious Eats / J. Kenji Lopez-Alt

Here's the solution: just serve your favorite child or friend at the table the first AND second slices. And of course, make sure to give 'em a corner piece because there's no debating those are the best, right? Do I hear any debating?

Building layers and layers of creamy, rich, full-flavored squash was our mission. I'd say we accomplished that quite nicely.

October 2014

Recipe Facts



Active: 60 mins
Total: 2 hrs 15 mins
Serves: 6 to 8 servings

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  • 1 large kabocha squash or sugar pumpkin (about 2 1/2 pounds), quartered, seeds discarded

  • 1 tablespoon olive oil

  • Kosher salt and freshly ground black pepper

  • 1 large egg

  • 4 ounces cream cheese

  • 6 tablespoons unsalted butter, divided

  • 2 tablespoons maple syrup

  • 1/4 teaspoon cinnamon

  • 1/4 teaspoon freshly grated nutmeg, divided

  • 2 crisp baking apples such as Golden Delicious, peeled, cored, and cut into 1/2-inch dice

  • 1/4 cup minced fresh sage leaves

  • 1 package no-boil lasagna noodles (15 noodles)

  • 2 medium cloves garlic, minced (about 2 teaspoons)

  • 2 tablespoons flour

  • 2 cups whole milk

  • 12 ounces shredded Gruyère cheese


  1. Adjust oven rack to center position and preheat oven to 325°F (160°C). Toss 3 squash quarters with 1 tablespoon olive oil and coat thoroughly using your hands. Season with salt and pepper. Place in a cast iron skillet or on a foil-lined rimmed baking sheet and roast until a knife meets no resistance when poked into the flesh around the stem, about 45 minutes. Remove from oven and set aside until cool enough to handle. Increase oven temperature to 400°F (200°C).

    Roasted squash quarters in a cast iron skillet.
  2. Scrape roasted squash flesh out into the work bowl of a food processor. Add egg, cream cheese, 2 tablespoons butter, maple syrup, cinnamon, and half of nutmeg. Process until a completely smooth purée is formed. Transfer to a medium bowl and set aside.

    Roasted squash flesh, butter, egg, and spices in the bowl of a food processor.
  3. While squashes are roasting in step 1, cut remaining squash quarter into 1/2-inch dice. Melt 2 more tablespoons butter in a large skillet over high heat, swirling until foaming subsides. Add diced squash and apple and cook, tossing and stirring frequently until tender and browned on most sides, about 10 minutes. Season to taste with salt and pepper and add minced sage. Transfer to a bowl and set aside.

    Sprinkling minced sage on a pan containing sauteed squash cubes and apple cubes.
  4. Place lasagna noodles in a 9- by 13-inch casserole dish and cover with cold water. Set aside, agitating the noodles occasionally to make sure they aren't sticking.

    Lasagna sheets soaking in baking dish of water

    Serious Eats / J. Kenji Lopez-Alt

  5. Meanwhile, heat remaining 2 tablespoons butter and garlic in a medium saucepan over medium heat. Cook, stirring, until butter has melted and garlic is fragrant, about 1 minute. Add flour and cook, whisking constantly, until flour starts to smell nutty and is pale blond, about 2 minutes. Whisking constantly, slowly add the milk in a thin, steady stream. Once milk is fully incorporated, bring to a boil, whisk vigorously, then remove from heat. Add 8 ounces of Gruyère cheese and whisk until completely smooth. If any lumps remain, blend with a hand blender or in a standing blender until smooth. Add remaining 1/8 teaspoon nutmeg and season to taste with salt and pepper. Set aside.

    Whisking Gruyere cheese in a saucepan of white sauce.
  6. Remove lasagna noodles from baking dish and transfer to clean dish towels to blot excess moisture.

    Transferring lagsana noodles to dish towels to blot excess moisture.
  7. Spread 1/6 of white sauce over the bottom of the baking dish and top with 3 lasagna noodles. Add 1/5 of squash purée and 1/4 of sautéed squash and apple mixture. Top with 1/6 of white sauce.

    Spooning white sauce on top of layers of squash puree, sauteed squash and apples, and lasagna noodles.

    Repeat with 3 more layers of noodles, squash purée, cooked squash mixture, and white sauce. At this stage, you should have used up all of the sautéed squash and still have 1/6 of the white sauce and 1/5 of the squash purée remaining. Place the final three noodles on top of the lasagna, top with the remaining purée, the remaining 4 ounces of shredded Gruyère, and drizzle with the remaining white sauce. Cover with aluminum foil, and transfer to the oven.

    Assembled squash lasagna in a baking dish.

    Serious Eats / J. Kenji Lopez-Alt

  8. Bake, covered, for 20 minutes. Remove foil and continue baking until browned and bubbly, about 15 minutes longer. Remove from oven, let rest for 5 minutes, slice, and serve.

    A freshly baked squash lasagna out of the oven.

Special Equipment

Food processor, 9- by 13-inch casserole dish

Nutrition Facts (per serving)
519 Calories
36g Fat
25g Carbs
24g Protein
Show Full Nutrition Label Hide Full Nutrition Label
Nutrition Facts
Servings: 6 to 8
Amount per serving
Calories 519
% Daily Value*
Total Fat 36g 47%
Saturated Fat 20g 101%
Cholesterol 138mg 46%
Sodium 1010mg 44%
Total Carbohydrate 25g 9%
Dietary Fiber 3g 11%
Total Sugars 15g
Protein 24g
Vitamin C 8mg 39%
Calcium 624mg 48%
Iron 2mg 10%
Potassium 618mg 13%
*The % Daily Value (DV) tells you how much a nutrient in a food serving contributes to a daily diet. 2,000 calories a day is used for general nutrition advice.
(Nutrition information is calculated using an ingredient database and should be considered an estimate.)