Grilled Boneless Chicken Breasts Recipe

A brine for chicken breasts, and how to cook boneless, skinless chicken breasts on the grill.

A grilled boneless chicken breast on a white ceramic plate along with two grilled pieces of corn-on-the-cob.

Serious Eats / Julia Hartbeck

Why This Recipe Works

  • Pounding the chicken breast to an even thickness results in more even cooking throughout.
  • Brining the chicken breast helps the meat retain moisture during cooking.
  • Drying the breast well before grilling leads to quicker browning.

In our constant quest to deliver the best of the best via the Serious Eats grilling recipes, with fancy dishes like homemade merguez sausage and peppered duck breast, it's easy to lose sight of the basics. And there's one really basic basic that no grilling recipe collection should be without: grilled chicken breast.

Despite their ubiquity, chicken breasts are arguably one of the most difficult of the standard meats to grill. It's all too common of an occurrence to find yourself with dry, chewy, cardboard-y meat. This is all correctable, though, and chicken breasts can be fantastic on the grill; it just takes a little know-how. This article will tell you everything you need to know (and it's not that much!) about how to grill chicken breasts, including how long to cook them and a couple easy tips to ensure you don't end up with tough, rubbery, dried-out grilled chicken.

Prepare Your Chicken Breasts for Grilling

Comparison of unflattened and flattened chicken breasts for grilling

Serious Eats

Chicken breast is a very unforgiving meat. As soon as it tips over its ideal temperature, it will almost immediately begin drying out. The physical shape of the breast isn't kind in this respect, as its uneven height means the bulky center cannot be cooked through without the thinner portions of the meat overcooking first.

There's an easy solution to this problem: Even out the height. This involves giving the chicken a nice beating, which is also great for relieving any pent-up aggression.

I like to put the chicken in a resealable plastic bag for the pounding—the thick plastic won't break when whacked, and the sealed bag ensures chicken juice doesn't splatter all over the kitchen.

Flattening chicken breast in resealable plastic bag with rolling pin

Serious Eats

Once it's safely in a bag, I go at it with a heavy skillet or a meat pounder, bashing the thicker parts of the breast until they match the height of the thinnest part. But don't go too thin here; keep the height around three-quarters of an inch. A chicken breast that's pounded out too thin will be more susceptible to drying out over high heat.

Brine Your Chicken Breast for Extra Moisture

Brining is the next important step to avoid horribly dry grilled chicken breast. I recommend catching up with Kenji's explanation of the science behind brining, but for these purposes, you just need to know that salt alters the proteins in the meat in such a way that they retain moisture better when cooked.

That retaining-moisture part is key, as it provides some assurance that the meat will remain juicy even if it's a tad overdone, and it'll be even better if cooked correctly. You really want this added protection when cooking chicken breasts, and there's really no reason to skip it, since the brine takes just a minute to put together and the chicken needs only about 30 minutes of brining—which just happens to be about the amount of time it takes to get a charcoal grill going.

Wet-Brine or Dry-Brine?

The thing with brining, though, is there are two primary ways to do it: wet and dry. A wet brine involves dissolving salt (and sometimes sugar) in water or other liquid, then soaking the meat in it. A dry brine is as simple as sprinkling salt all over the meat and letting it rest long enough for the salt to penetrate the meat and work its magic.

It's best to dry-brine meat uncovered, on a wire rack set over a rimmed baking sheet, to allow for good air circulation all around the meat. Each method of brining has its advantages.

A wet brine plumps the meat up more, for juicier results. But that plumpness is due to the water that's absorbed by the breast, which means the chicken is juicier but less flavorful. That added moisture also impedes browning, even if you dry the meat well after taking it out of the brine, which means it'll be more difficult to get a good sear.

A dry brine doesn't introduce water into the meat the way wet brining does, but it still helps the chicken retain what moisture it does have. It won't be as plump and juicy as a wet-brined breast, but it'll still be nicely moist (assuming it hasn't been cooked to death), and it will have a more deeply chicken-y flavor. Plus, it'll brown better, thanks to surface drying during the dry-brining phase.

You can brine your chicken breasts either way, depending on your preference. We tend to prefer dry brining for its better browning and flavor results, but either way works.

How to Grill Your Chicken Breast Right

Start With a Clean and Oiled Grill

Before you add it to the grill, remember that the chicken will like you much better if you start with a clean and oiled grate. The skinless breasts have no fat to protect them from the heat, which means they'll easily stick to the grill, a problem that a clean and oiled grill grate alleviates.

Use a Medium-High Fire

With an even thickness, a brine, and a clean grill, the chicken is ready to face the hot fire. You don't want to go too hot here, since the 500°F+ temperature (above 260°C) of a new fire can dry out the breasts too quickly. On the opposite end, you don't want to go too low, either, because then there will be no browning, and you'll end up with pale, unappetizing chicken.

A medium-high fire, 375 to 450°F (190 to 230°C), is just about perfect, creating a golden crust without overdoing the meat.

Cook Briefly and Check for Doneness

In my experience, it takes chicken breasts only a few minutes per side over direct, medium-high heat to both brown and get cooked through at the same time. That being said, it's a good idea to always use a two-zone fire—with all the coals piled on one side of the charcoal grate—in case the chicken browns before it's done cooking through. This way, if need be, you can finish the chicken up on the cool side of the grill, covered, and avoid burning the breasts.

We almost always recommend using an instant-read thermometer when cooking meat, to judge doneness perfectly each time. You can try to use one here, too, but the truth is that with thin cutlets like pounded chicken breasts, it's very difficult to get an accurate measurement of the temperature at the coolest part: Mere millimeters away from that part, the chicken can be much hotter.

A better way is to determine doneness by sight. If you're unsure, just make a small incision in a breast, which will allow you to peek into the center to see if it's cooked through or not.

If you do want to try to take the temp, 150°F (66°C) is your goal. That's a bit lower than the 165°F (74°C) recommended by the FDA, but if you go as high as the FDA says, you'll be guaranteed dry chicken breast.

The thing to remember is that rendering food safe to eat is a factor of both temperature and time. That means that if your chicken reaches 150°F and stays at that temperature for just three minutes, it's as safe to eat as chicken cooked to 165°F, a temperature that renders the chicken instantly safe to eat. (You can read more about the safety of 150°F chicken here.)

Dress It Up with Sauces

So, now we have beautifully moist and evenly cooked chicken breasts—no small achievement. But for all of this work, in my opinion, chicken is still rather dull on its own, so let's pull out the sauces.

I smothered these particular breasts in an arugula pesto, which added a nutty, peppery kick. Some other flavorful toppers to consider: mango-habanero barbecue sauce, cilantro pesto, or chimichurri.

You can also introduce flavor with more complex brines, like an apple brine, or the nice spice rub on these blackened chicken breasts.

No matter how you gussy up your chicken, all of it will do little to help a poorly grilled breast—which should be something we no longer have to tolerate, ever.

Editor's Note: This post was originally published in 2012. It has been updated with new information based on further testing.


How to Grill Boneless, Skinless Chicken Breasts

June 2012

Recipe Details

Grilled Boneless Chicken Breasts Recipe

Prep 5 mins
Cook 15 mins
Active 30 mins
Dry-Brining Time 30 mins
Total 50 mins
Serves 4 servings

A brine for chicken breasts, and how to cook boneless, skinless chicken breasts on the grill.


  • 4 boneless, skinless chicken breast halves (6 to 8 ounces/170 to 225g each), tender removed

  • Kosher salt

  • 1/4 cup (55g) sugar (if making a wet brine; see note)

  • Freshly ground black pepper

  • 2 tablespoons (30ml) extra-virgin olive oil


  1. Place 1 chicken breast in a resealable plastic bag or between two pieces of plastic wrap. Using a meat pounder, rolling pin, or small skillet, pound chicken breast into an even thickness, about 3/4 inch in height. Repeat with remaining 3 breasts.

    A two-image collage. The top image shows a boneless chicken breast in a sealed zipper lock bag with a rolling pin next to it. The bottom image shows the rolling pin about to flatten the chicken breast in the bag.

    Serious Eats / Julia Hartbeck

  2. If making a wet brine, dissolve 1/3 cup (80g) kosher salt and 1/4 cup (55g) sugar in 2 quarts (1.9L) water. Place chicken breasts in brine and refrigerate for at least 30 minutes and up to overnight. If making a dry brine, set a wire rack over a rimmed baking sheet and arrange chicken breasts on it. Sprinkle generously all over with salt on both sides, then refrigerate, uncovered, for at least 30 minutes and up to overnight.

    Four boneless, skinless chicken breasts on a wire rack set over a small sheet pan. The chicken breasts have been pounded somewhat flat and sprinkled with salt, indicating they are being dry brined.

    Serious Eats / Julia Hartbeck

  3. Light 1 chimney full of charcoal. When all charcoal is lit and covered with gray ash, pour out and arrange coals on one side of charcoal grate. Set cooking grate in place, cover grill, and allow to preheat for 5 minutes. Clean and oil grilling grate.

    A two-image collage. The top image shows a grilling chimney half-filled with glowing, ash covered charcoal, inside of a black kettle grill. The bottom image shows the coals spread over half of the lower grill grate.

    Serious Eats / Julia Hartbeck

  4. If using a wet brine, remove chicken breasts from brine, pat dry with paper towels, season to taste with salt and pepper, and brush lightly with olive oil. If using a dry brine, simply season with pepper and brush lightly with olive oil. Place chicken over hot side of grill and cook until well browned, 3 to 5 minutes. Flip and continue to cook until second side is browned and chicken is just cooked through, or until the center registers 150°F/66°C (or 165°F/74°C, if you really want to stick to FDA guidelines) on an instant-read thermometer. (It can be difficult to take an accurate temperature on such a thin cut of meat, so make sure to confirm doneness by eye; it's okay to make a small slit into one of the breasts with a knife to confirm.) If second side browns before chicken is done, move to cool side of grill, cover, and let cook until chicken is ready. Remove chicken from grill, let rest 5 minutes, then serve immediately.

    A four-image collage. The top left image shows the dry-brined boneless, skinless chicken breasts being rubbed with oil by a silicon brush. The top right image shows the oiled chicken breasts placed on a kettle grill. The bottom left image shows the chicken breasts, now cooked, on the grill. The bottom right image shows one of the chicken breasts being pulled open by a pair of tongs, showing the interior is fully cooked.

    Serious Eats / Julia Hartbeck

Special Equipment

Grill, wire rack and half sheet pan (if using a dry brine), instant-read thermometer, meat pounder (optional)


A wet brine will create the plumpest, juiciest breast, but it will not brown as deeply and quickly as a dry-brined breast. A dry-brined breast, on the other hand, will still be juicy (just not quite as juicy), with a deeper chicken flavor. Either way works; it just depends on what you want.

Nutrition Facts (per serving)
341 Calories
13g Fat
0g Carbs
53g Protein
Show Full Nutrition Label Hide Full Nutrition Label
Nutrition Facts
Servings: 4
Amount per serving
Calories 341
% Daily Value*
Total Fat 13g 16%
Saturated Fat 3g 13%
Cholesterol 145mg 48%
Sodium 598mg 26%
Total Carbohydrate 0g 0%
Dietary Fiber 0g 0%
Total Sugars 0g
Protein 53g
Vitamin C 0mg 0%
Calcium 27mg 2%
Iron 2mg 10%
Potassium 440mg 9%
*The % Daily Value (DV) tells you how much a nutrient in a food serving contributes to a daily diet. 2,000 calories a day is used for general nutrition advice.
(Nutrition information is calculated using an ingredient database and should be considered an estimate.)