The Best Egg Salad Recipe

Keys to a better egg salad: perfectly cooked eggs, a touch of acidity, and crunch.

A sesame-topped roll sandwiched with egg salad, slices of red radish, and a healthy layer of butter lettuce.
Perfect egg salad with a great balance of creamy and crunchy textures and bright, fresh flavors.

Serious Eats / J. Kenji Lopez-Alt; Video: Serious Eats Video.

Why It Works

  • Steaming eggs results in even cooking through to the core, and easy peeling.
  • Crushing the eggs with fresh mayonnaise by hand gives you a good mix of chunky and creamy textures. Scallions and celery add crisp freshness.
  • Fresh lemon juice adds brightness and acidity to the mix.

I don't remember much about the not-quite-classic-Woody-Allen film What's Up Tiger Lily, other than that secret agent Phil Moskowitz heads out on a mission with his sidekicks Suki and Teri Yaki to secure the recipe for the world's best egg salad. I also remember that he never actually reveals that recipe, which is a shame, because I've been on a quest for the best egg salad ever since I can remember.

Perfect is a word that I throw around a lot, and it's always with the understanding that it's a goal that can be strived for but never achieved. This particular recipe for egg salad is about as close to perfect as I've ever had. It's not fancy, there are no special ingredients, but it's well balanced, with a bright, fresh flavor, and a texture that spans from rich and creamy to crunchy and fresh.

Any good egg salad starts with perfectly boiled eggs with a just-cooked-but-not-chalky yolk and tender whites. Luckily, and not-so-coincidentally, I spent a great deal of time developing a recipe for them, so we're already off on the right foot.

Crushing It

The biggest question when it comes to how to put together an egg salad is how to chop your eggs. I started with four different methods, using a basic recipe that combined mayonnaise, diced red onions, and diced celery.

4 images, clockwise from top left: a pile of cooked, shredded egg next to a box grater; a chef's knife half-buried in a pile of cooked, chopped eggs; a bowl of cooked eggs being whipped together into a smooth mixture; a bowl of cooked eggs being roughly mashed up in a bowl with a whisk.

Serious Eats / J. Kenji López-Alt

The first was to press them through the holes of a box grater. It's easy, it leads to even end results, but it also looks and feels...like an egg pushed through a box grater. The thin slivers are just off-putting.

Chopping with a knife works better in terms of finished texture, but it's a bit of a pain—eggs are slippery and don't like to sit still under the blade of a knife. Doing a large batch with this method is a chore.

Lastly, I tried smashing the eggs with a stiff whisk. This was by far the easiest and best method, producing a nice chunky texture with minimal effort. The one thing I wished it did better was break down the yolks into a creamy sauce that binds with the mayonnaise. Whisking harder helped, but then the whites broke down too much.

The solution? Getting dirty.

Author's hand reaching into a bowl of cooked eggs, squeezing and mashing them to a chunky-yet-creamy texture.

Serious Eats / J. Kenji López-Alt

Crushing those eggs by hand is the way to go. Your hands are gentler than the hard wires of a whisk, allowing you to break down the yolks without over-crushing the whites. You end up with an egg salad that has nice big bites of egg white, all bound together in a rich, creamy mash of yolks and mayonnaise.

Fine Tuning Flavor

Almost there. All we gotta do is season this thing up. I generally choose red onions because I like the way the pretty red cubes intersperse with the yellow eggs, but I'd never really considered whether they were optimal in terms of flavor. I made a few batches of egg salad with a half dozen different types of onion (yellow, white, red, sweet, shallots, and scallions), and was surprised to find that the scallions were almost unanimously voted as the best of the bunch.

Similarly, most folks prefer far fewer celery nubs than I personally include (and nobody seemed to like diced radishes added to the mix). I suppose majority rules here (though of course, you should always feel free to modify the ratios according to your own preferences).

A pair of egg salad sandwiches made with kaiser rolls. The top of one roll is resting to one side of the sandwich and radish slices are cascading off the other.

Serious Eats / J. Kenji López-Alt

Finally, most egg salads are heavy, leaden affairs. I wanted an egg salad that tasted bright and fresh, despite being rich and creamy. The key? A dash of lemon juice and lemon zest, along with a pinch of parsley.

And you know what? Damn the committee: I like radishes on my egg salad sandwiches, and they're going to stay there.

0:47

How to Make Steamed Eggs

May 2014

This recipe originally appeared as part of the column "The Food Lab Turbo".

Recipe Facts

4.6

(10)

Active: 5 mins
Total: 5 mins
Serves: 3 to 4 servings

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Ingredients

  • 6 large hard steamed eggs, chilled and peeled

  • 1/4 cup homemade or store-bought mayonnaise

  • 1/2 teaspoon zest and 1 1/2 teaspoons fresh juice from 1 lemon

  • 1/3 cup finely diced celery (about 1 small stalk)

  • 1/4 cup finely sliced scallions, white and pale green parts only (about 2 scallions)

  • 1 tablespoon minced fresh parsley leaves

  • Kosher salt and freshly ground black pepper

  • Bread, lettuce, and thinly sliced radishes, for serving

Directions

  1. Combine eggs, mayonnaise, lemon juice, celery, scallions, and parsley in a medium bowl. Using your hands, squeeze eggs through your fingers, mixing contents of bowl until reduced to desired consistency; alternatively, smash and mix with a firm whisk. Season generously with salt and pepper. Serve with sliced radishes, lettuce, and bread to make sandwiches, or store in a sealed container in the refrigerator for up to 3 days.

Special Equipment

Whisk

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Nutrition Facts (per serving)
253 Calories
19g Fat
9g Carbs
11g Protein
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Nutrition Facts
Servings: 3 to 4
Amount per serving
Calories 253
% Daily Value*
Total Fat 19g 24%
Saturated Fat 4g 21%
Cholesterol 286mg 95%
Sodium 343mg 15%
Total Carbohydrate 9g 3%
Dietary Fiber 1g 3%
Total Sugars 2g
Protein 11g
Vitamin C 4mg 20%
Calcium 71mg 5%
Iron 2mg 9%
Potassium 175mg 4%
*The % Daily Value (DV) tells you how much a nutrient in a food serving contributes to a daily diet. 2,000 calories a day is used for general nutrition advice.
(Nutrition information is calculated using an ingredient database and should be considered an estimate.)