Thai-Style Crab Fried Rice Recipe

Fragrant jasmine rice is seasoned with garlic and chiles, then tossed with scrambled egg, picked crabmeat, and scallions.

Overhead view of a serving dish piled high with Thai-style crab fried rice, garnished with sliced cucumber, lime, and cilantro.

Serious Eats / J. Kenji López-Alt

Why This Recipe Works

  • Starting with freshly cooked or well-chilled rice guarantees it won't clump up as you stir-fry it.
  • Frying in batches compensates for the low heat output of Western stovetops.
  • Keeping the seasoning very light allows the flavor of the rice and crab to come through.

My wife, Adri, is a crab fiend. I once watched her down a full pound of picked crabmeat in a covered market in Bangkok, pulling the crab—still warm from cooking—piece by piece out of a Styrofoam tray, dipping it into nam prik, and sucking the juices off of her fingers as she went. That's just about a full 1% of her body weight!

Southeast Asia is a great place for crab lovers,* and there are worse ways to eat it than in Thai khao phat buu—fried rice with crab, made with fragrant jasmine rice that's gently seasoned with garlic and chiles, then tossed with scrambled egg, picked crabmeat, and scallions, finished with a little fish sauce, and served with cilantro and cucumbers.

*Though it might be a good idea to confirm what you're ordering. At a small beachside restaurant in the Vietnamese fishing and resort village of Phan Thiet, we perused a menu that offered both "crap soup" and "real crap soup." We opted for the former.

The ingredients for crab fried rice are prepped on a cutting board: scallions are being sliced by the author; picked crabmeat, sliced cucumber, and cilantro are nearby.

Serious Eats / J. Kenji López-Alt

Knowing how much Adri loves crab, I decided to treat her with this recipe. It's custom-made for crab lovers.

Now that I've set out my rules for fried rice, I'm going to go ahead and break them right from the get-go. Instead of adding my rice directly to hot oil, then subsequently adding aromatics, for this recipe I'm starting with the aromatics and letting them infuse the oil before adding the rice. This sequence—aromatics before main ingredient—is common in Thai stir-fries, which tend to use a little less heat and rely less on wok hei than Chinese stir-fries.

In go some minced garlic and finely sliced Thai bird chiles. If you (or maybe a loved one you are serving this to) are particularly sensitive to heat, omit the chiles. They can always be added later on at the table.

On second thought, think long and hard about the state of the relationship between you and that chile-sensitive loved one, then decide whether the chiles stay or go.**

** Please do not take relationship advice from me seriously.

Jasmine rice is the classic choice in Thailand. It has a unique aroma that requires very little seasoning. As with my Chinese-style fried rice, I've found that freshly cooked rice works just as well as well-chilled day-old rice, and that it's the in-between stuff that can cause problems.

Another technique I keep is to fry the rice in batches, adding only half of it at first to toss with the garlic and chiles, removing it, reheating the wok, and adding the remaining half. This is essential if you're using a standard home range and want to maintain enough heat to sear the rice without letting it turn mushy.

Once the rice is nicely fried, I push the rice to the sides of the wok, add a little oil to the center, and crack the egg directly into it. With a well-seasoned wok, the egg should scramble easily without sticking to the bottom.

Crab is combined with the fried rice in a wok.

Serious Eats / J. Kenji López-Alt

Don't you hate that feeling you get at amusement parks when, just as you start really getting into a ride, it's over and that spotty-faced teenager is forcing you to get out of the car? I get that feeling with cooking sometimes. We've only just begun this delicious fried rice trip, but unfortunately, it's also almost at a close.

The last two twists in the track: the crab and the scallions. I like to add the crab in large chunks. Around these parts, that means Dungeness crab claws, knuckles, and legs, roughly torn into bite-size pieces by hand. Back on the East Coast, it's probably jumbo lump blue crab, in pieces as large as you can find.

Fresh-cooked crab or frozen crab is your best bet here, but canned crabmeat will do in a pinch if you can't find fresh. Canned crab tends to have a much stronger seafood aroma, which can be off-putting to some people (like me). If you can't find crab or don't like it (the horror!), small shrimp will also work in its place, though you'll have to precook it by stir-frying it briefly before you begin the recipe.

I add the crab along with some sliced scallions, cooking it only long enough to heat everything through.

Fish sauce is added to the pan.

Serious Eats / J. Kenji López-Alt

Because jasmine rice is so fragrant, it requires very little in the way of sauce or extra seasoning. I add a couple of teaspoons of fish sauce, then season to taste with salt and white pepper.

The finished Thai-style crab fried rice in a black ceramic serving vessel, galnished with cilantro, lime halves, and sliced cucumber.

Serious Eats / J. Kenji López-Alt

Stir in some cilantro, then serve the rice immediately with some sliced cucumber on the side, along with extra fish sauce and Thai chiles (for the brave). And, if your dining companion is anything like Adri, stand back, because you don't want to get caught in the crossfire as she sets her sights on the crab.

February 2016

Recipe Details

Thai-Style Crab Fried Rice Recipe

Cook 10 mins
Active 10 mins
Total 10 mins
Serves 2 to 3 servings

Fragrant jasmine rice is seasoned with garlic and chiles, then tossed with scrambled egg, picked crabmeat, and scallions.


  • 2 cups cooked jasmine rice (12 ounces; 350g) (see notes)

  • 1 1/2 tablespoons (20ml) vegetable or canola oil, divided

  • 1 to 3 Thai bird chiles (according to your heat tolerance), finely sliced, plus more for serving

  • 2 medium cloves garlic (about 2 teaspoons; 5g), minced

  • 1 large egg

  • Kosher salt

  • 4 ounces (115g) picked cooked crabmeat

  • 2 scallions (1 ounce; 30g), thinly sliced

  • 2 teaspoons (10ml) Asian fish sauce, plus more for serving

  • Ground white pepper

  • 1/4 cup (8g) fresh cilantro leaves, minced

  • 1 Japanese cucumber, thinly sliced, for serving

  • 1 lime, cut into 4 wedges, for serving


  1. If using day-old rice, transfer to a medium bowl and break rice up with your hands into individual grains before proceeding. Heat 1/2 tablespoon vegetable oil in a large wok over high heat until lightly smoking. Add chiles and garlic and cook, stirring, until fragrant, about 10 seconds. Immediately add half of rice and cook, stirring and tossing, until rice is pale brown, toasted, and has a lightly chewy texture, about 3 minutes. Transfer to a medium bowl. Heat another 1/2 tablespoon oil until smoking, add remaining rice, and cook, stirring, until it has the same texture as the first batch. Return first batch of rice to wok and toss to combine.

    Minced garlic and sliced chile are cooked in a wok.

    Serious Eats / J. Kenji López-Alt

  2. Push rice to side of wok and add remaining 1/2 tablespoon oil. Break egg into oil and season with a little salt. Use a spatula to scramble egg, breaking it up into small bits. Toss egg and rice together.

    Collage of a hole being made in the center of the rice so that an egg can be scrambled and then mixed together with the rice.

    Serious Eats / J. Kenji López-Alt

  3. Add crabmeat, scallions, and fish sauce. Toss to combine and cook, tossing and stirring constantly, until crab is heated through and scallions are lightly softened, about 1 minute. Season to taste with white pepper and salt. Stir in cilantro.

    Crab and sliced scallion are mixed into the fried rice.

    Serious Eats / J. Kenji López-Alt

  4. Serve immediately with sliced cucumber, lime wedges, additional fish sauce, and sliced Thai chiles at the table.

Special Equipment



For best results, use jasmine rice. Chinese medium-grain rice or Japanese sushi rice can also be used. Rice should either be cooked fresh, spread on a tray, and allowed to cool for 5 minutes, or, alternatively, transferred to a loosely covered container and refrigerated for at least 12 hours and up to 3 days.

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Nutrition Facts (per serving)
301 Calories
9g Fat
42g Carbs
13g Protein
Show Full Nutrition Label Hide Full Nutrition Label
Nutrition Facts
Servings: 2 to 3
Amount per serving
Calories 301
% Daily Value*
Total Fat 9g 12%
Saturated Fat 1g 6%
Cholesterol 99mg 33%
Sodium 600mg 26%
Total Carbohydrate 42g 15%
Dietary Fiber 3g 9%
Total Sugars 2g
Protein 13g
Vitamin C 20mg 100%
Calcium 96mg 7%
Iron 3mg 15%
Potassium 352mg 7%
*The % Daily Value (DV) tells you how much a nutrient in a food serving contributes to a daily diet. 2,000 calories a day is used for general nutrition advice.
(Nutrition information is calculated using an ingredient database and should be considered an estimate.)