Sweetbreads Sauté Recipe

Skip the prep and cook sweetbreads in a skillet with whatever seasoning you choose.

Overhead shot of sauteed sweetbreads on a plate.

Serious Eats / Chichi Wang

Why It Works

  • Whether the sweetbreads are from a thymus gland or pancreas, the preparation is the same.
  • The organs contain gelatin and albumen, so poaching isn't needed before cooking.

A friend, knowing of my fondness for sweetbreads and poetry, sent me an email the other day containing just these cryptic lines:

You drive me to confess in ink: Once I was fool enough to think That brains and sweetbreads were the same, Till I was caught and put to shame, First by a butcher, then a cook, Then by a scientific book. But 'twas by making sweetbreads do I passed with such a high I.Q.
An uncooked sweetbread.

Serious Eats / Chichi Wang

It was easy enough to determine that these lines were from a poem by Robert Frost entitled "Quandary." Less simple was figuring out what the poem means. Something about knowledge and the relation between good and evil? I'm pretty sure it's about that.

Just like, though I have already purchased, photographed, cooked, and eaten this organ, I'm mostly, but not entirely certain, that these are thymus gland sweetbreads. Sweetbreads, to clarify, are a culinary term that refers to two very different organs—the thymus glands and the pancreas, the latter which is often called the "stomach sweetbread," though of course, the stomach and the pancreas are different.

To conflate the matter, a whole sweetbread is comprised of two lobes connected by a tube. There is the rounder, more compact sweetbread, which is called the "heart" sweetbread because of its shape, not because it is in any way related to the heart as an organ. And there is the "throat sweetbread," which is longer and lumpier. It is generally agreed among butchers and cooks that the thymus glands have a finer texture and flavor than the pancreas, but the latter, being larger, offers the advantage of being able to be sliced into medallions.

A close up of an uncooked sweetbread.

Serious Eats / Chichi Wang

I'm about 95% sure these are the heart sweetbreads from the thymus glands of a calf. Evidence in support of this claim: A) The part was flatter than throat sweetbreads, and very much resembled a heart; B) Thymus sweetbreads tend only to come from young animals, humans included, because the organ shrinks post-adolescence.

Evidence to the contrary: When asked, the farmer who sold me these sweetbreads said that they were from a cow, not a calf.

So, there is a chance, I suppose, that these are in fact pancreas sweetbreads from a cow. But then I would have expected him to say something like, "By the way, madam, this is actually a pancreas."

Oh well, some depths are better left un-plumbed. I'd rather spend my time unpacking that very lovely poem by Frost than hemming and hawing over exactly what sweetbread I put into my stomach. Especially since all sweetbreads—throat sweetbreads, heart sweetbreads, and pancreas sweetbreads—are good to eat. Actually, no, I am quite curious and will be interrogating the farmer next week, I should think.

On another point, the venerable Mr. Frost is correct. Sweetbreads and brains are in no way related, though the mistake is understandable. Both are vein-y and white and lumpish. Both are creamy. In the kitchen, sweetbreads and brains are suited for the same kind of preparations: poaching, followed by deep-frying or pan-frying. Yet sweetbreads, containing gelatin and albumen, are much firmer in texture, so much so that I often forgo the poaching and cook them as-is. The texture is looser, which I enjoy. You can sauté or pan-fry the sweetbreads with whatever flavors you like. This time, I used mustard seeds and turmeric, sautéed with plenty of onions and chile peppers, for a vaguely Indian preparation that tasted nice with fragrant basmati rice on the side.

Finally, if anyone else knows of any poems containing references to offal, I would be most grateful for those stanzas.

February 2012

Recipe Facts

Active: 30 mins
Total: 30 mins
Serves: 4 servings

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Ingredients

  • 10 ounces sweetbreads

  • 1 medium onion, thinly sliced

  • 3 to 4 tablespoons butter

  • 2 to 3 dried red chile peppers, or to taste

  • 1/2 teaspoon mustard seeds

  • 1/4 teaspoon turmeric

  • Kosher salt

  • Chopped parsley, to garnish

Directions

  1. Remove membranes and sinew from sweetbreads. Cut into 1-inch cubes.

  2. Place a skillet over high heat and add 2 tablespoons butter, swirling it around. Add sweetbreads and let the cubes brown on one side before turning. Sprinkle with about 3/4 teaspoon salt. Brown sweetbreads in this way, turning only once per side until cubes are browned on most surfaces, about 5 minutes total. Remove from skillet and set aside.

  3. Add more butter, onions, and salt to taste. Sauté until browned, about 10 to 15 minutes. Move onions to one side of your skillet and add chiles, mustard seeds, and red peppers. Mustard seeds will pop. Add sweetbreads back into the pan. Add turmeric, sprinkling it over contents of the pan, and stir everything around. Sauté for 1 more minute to let ingredients mix together. Serve hot, garnishing with cilantro or parsley.

Special Equipment

10-inch skillet or larger

Nutrition Facts (per serving)
195 Calories
13g Fat
6g Carbs
13g Protein
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Nutrition Facts
Servings: 4
Amount per serving
Calories 195
% Daily Value*
Total Fat 13g 17%
Saturated Fat 8g 39%
Cholesterol 212mg 71%
Sodium 361mg 16%
Total Carbohydrate 6g 2%
Dietary Fiber 1g 4%
Total Sugars 3g
Protein 13g
Vitamin C 40mg 201%
Calcium 24mg 2%
Iron 1mg 6%
Potassium 363mg 8%
*The % Daily Value (DV) tells you how much a nutrient in a food serving contributes to a daily diet. 2,000 calories a day is used for general nutrition advice.
(Nutrition information is calculated using an ingredient database and should be considered an estimate.)