Cod Milt Recipe

Cod milt on a board.

Serious Eats

"Brains? Sperm? That's when a friendly conversation turns a corner."

Air travel is a great time to practice the fine art of conversation. Some of the more interesting chats I can remember have taken place with strangers on a plane. In an era in which technology presents ample means to avoid face-to-face interaction, planes thousands of feet up in the air may be one of the last refuges from cell phones and online chatting. On my recent flight home there was just one other person sitting in my row, an elderly lady who smiled encouragingly at me over the scarf she'd been knitting. Twenty minutes later, we were halfway through my portfolio of pictures.

"Those are pigs' tails," I told her, scrolling down the page. "Some of my favorite bits."

"And what's that, dear?" she asked, pointing to a milky white mass—twisted, spiraling, with pink veins laced throughout.

cod milt on board 2.jpg

I stopped clicking on the pictures. "Oh, that? Well, that's cod milt," I replied somewhat reluctantly.

"What's milt?" she asked. Just as I expected. Milt is a word that few outside of the high-scoring Scrabble community would know.

"It's um, sperm," I said, coughing a bit on the second word.

"What was that?" she said, cocking her left ear toward me.

"Sperm," I repeated, slightly more loudly, drawing raised eyebrows from the man sitting across the aisle. "Fish sperm. It's really very delicious, like.....pork brains."

Brains? Sperm? That's when a friendly conversation turns a corner.

It took me a few minutes to disarm her sensibilities about eating fish sperm, after which the lady grew curious about its culinary attributes. How do you describe the texture of milt to someone who hasn't tried brains?

Sacs of cod milt are most accurately likened to pork brains, yet with a lighter, finer texture. Steamed, milt is as soft as an egg custard; pan- or deep-fried, the surface crisps up while the interior remains soft and creamy. The taste of milt is subtle; there's a slight sweetness and just the faintest hint of its oceanic roots.

The Japanese call it shirako, kiku, or tachi. Harvested from fish such as cod, anglerfish, monkfish, and sometimes fugu, most types of the seminal fluid are in season during winter. If you're fortunate enough to find it at your Japanese market, consider trying one of these preparations.


steamed cod milt.jpg

Steaming captures the sweetness of milt. I steamed a section of the milt in a broth of dashi, mirin, and soy sauce. A few strands of softened wakame completed the bowl; for additions to the soup, try a few sections of simmered daikon or lightly sautéed shitake mushrooms. Steamed over low heat, the surface of the milt turns completely opaque while its ridges tighten and become more defined. Alternatively, try steaming sections of the milt as an addition to chawan mushi.


pan fried cod milt.jpg

Treat milt like a nice piece of calf's liver. Heat a cast iron until it's smoking hot; then salt and lightly dredge the milt in flour. Pan-fry the milt for one minute on each side, until the surface is crisp and golden brown. Serve with rice and a wedge of lemon.


deep fried cod milt.jpg

When fried in oil, milt needs to be thoroughly coated to protect its delicate, tender texture. Milt tempura is not as lacy as vegetable tempura, but the crispy batter encases a soft and creamy interior.

Recipe Details

Cod Milt Recipe

Prep 10 mins
Cook 10 mins
Total 20 mins
Serves 2 servings


  • 1 ounce cod milt

  • 1/2 cup dashi

  • 2 teaspoons soy sauce

  • 1 teaspoon mirin

  • A few sections of dried wakame seaweed

  • A small pinch of green onion, thinly sliced


  1. Combine the dashi, soy sauce, and mirin. Divide the liquid in two 3 to 4 ounce bowls or ramekins.

  2. Divide the cod milt into two sections. Place each section in the bowls with the dashi mixture. Add the wakame seaweed, garnishing with the green onions if desired.

  3. Preheat a bamboo steamer or steamer insert over medium heat. Cover the bowls with small individual lids or saran wrap. Place the bowls inside the steamer. Steam for five to seven minutes over low heat, until the surface turns completely opaque and the ridges of the milt tighten and become more defined. Serve immediately.

This Recipe Appears In

Nutrition Facts (per serving)
54 Calories
2g Fat
2g Carbs
8g Protein
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Nutrition Facts
Servings: 2
Amount per serving
Calories 54
% Daily Value*
Total Fat 2g 2%
Saturated Fat 0g 2%
Cholesterol 61mg 20%
Sodium 407mg 18%
Total Carbohydrate 2g 1%
Dietary Fiber 0g 0%
Total Sugars 1g
Protein 8g
Vitamin C 3mg 15%
Calcium 10mg 1%
Iron 0mg 1%
Potassium 178mg 4%
*The % Daily Value (DV) tells you how much a nutrient in a food serving contributes to a daily diet. 2,000 calories a day is used for general nutrition advice.
(Nutrition information is calculated using an ingredient database and should be considered an estimate.)