Sautéed Broccoli Rabe With Garlic and Chile Flakes

The longer it cooks, the better it gets.

A dish of well-cooked broccoli rabe.

Serious Eats / Vicky Wasik

Why It Works

  • Blanching the rabe first softens it rapidly, cutting down on the overall (over)cooking time.
  • Keeping the rabe on low heat allows its bitter flavor to mellow and its sometimes-fibrous stalks to soften.

"I'm not a big fan of broccoli rabe," Vicky told me when I brought some into the office to sauté for this classic Italian side dish.

"The versions you're eating probably aren't overcooked enough," I said. This is something I learned many years ago when I was working in a Tuscan restaurant in New York City. We'd sauté the broccoli rabe in olive oil with garlic and chile flakes, and on busy nights, we'd get really big pans of it going to keep up with the demand. I'd sometimes sneak tastes, and I realized that the longer the rabe sat in the pan, getting heated and reheated with each wave of orders that came in, the better it got, its bitter flavor mellowing and its sometimes-fibrous stalks completely yielding to softness. All the rabe we served was great, but the customers who got plates from the last bits out of each skillet were extra lucky.

Uncooked broccoli rabe.

Serious Eats / Vicky Wasik

We tend to have a thing against overcooking vegetables in American cuisine today (after decades of severely overcooking everything, to the point of mush), but, as the Italian kitchen has taught me over and over, there really is a place for overcooked vegetables at the table, at least sometimes. And this preparation of broccoli rabe is one great example.*

*For more proof, check out these long-braised long beans with tomato and garlic and this pasta with overcooked-vegetable sauce.

Simply sautéing the rabe from raw can take a while, so, to speed the process up, I break the cooking into two steps: first blanching, then sautéing. Unlike most recipes that call for blanching, in which you want to pull the vegetables out at just the right time and dunk them in an ice bath to stop the cooking, this dish doesn't really require that: You're going to be cooking the rabe quite a bit more later anyway, so nailing the doneness isn't critical. Still, I prefer not to blanch for too long, since the water will eventually sap the rabe of extra flavor and send it down the drain.

As soon as the rabe has lost its crisp bite and softened in the water, it's all set to go into the skillet—which I have at the ready, having already lightly sautéed the garlic in oil until golden, and given the chile flakes about 30 seconds or so to infuse into the oil as well. (You can do this while the blanching water is coming to a boil, then remove the skillet from the heat until the rabe is cooked.)

In goes the rabe, which I sauté for as long as I have patience—like I said, it just gets better. If I want food on the table quickly, which is often, that might mean I sauté it for 10 minutes or so. (Just make sure that the garlic and chiles are mixed into the rabe very well—if they settle at the bottom without moving, they may burn.)

If I have some extra time, I might give it a good sauté for about the same amount of time, then move it to very low heat and let it keep going, giving it a toss and a stir every few minutes until it's dinnertime. Cook it long enough and it'll lose its vibrant green color, but, as I've said, in this case, that kind of long cooking isn't a bad thing at all.

Sautéing broccoli rabe in a skillet, using tongs to move it around.

Serious Eats / Vicky Wasik

That's about it, really. Serve it alongside some roasted chicken or a nice thick pork chop. It won't be too bitter or fibrous at all.

A dish of well-cooked broccoli rabe with garlic and red pepper flakes.

Serious Eats / Vicky Wasik

May 2016

Recipe Facts



Cook: 25 mins
Active: 20 to 30 mins
Total: 25 mins
Serves: 4 servings

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  • Kosher salt

  • 1/4 cup (60ml) extra-virgin olive oil

  • 4 medium cloves garlic, thinly sliced

  • Large pinch red pepper flakes

  • 1 pound (450g) broccoli rabe, ends trimmed


  1. Bring a large pot of salted water to a boil. Meanwhile, in a large skillet, heat olive oil with garlic over medium heat until garlic just begins to turn golden, about 2 minutes. Add red pepper flakes and toast for about 30 seconds. Remove from heat.

    Sautéing garlic and red pepper flakes in olive oil.

    Serious Eats / Vicky Wasik

  2. Add broccoli rabe to boiling water and cook until thickest parts of stalks are tender, 2 to 3 minutes. Drain well. Add rabe to skillet, toss well, and return to medium-high heat. Cook, stirring occasionally and lowering heat as necessary to prevent scorching, until rabe is very tender, about 10 minutes. Season with salt. Serve right away, or continue to cook over low heat, stirring occasionally, for up to 20 minutes longer before serving (it just gets better and better).

    Sautéing broccoli rabe in a skillet with garlic and red pepper flakes.

    Serious Eats / Vicky Wasik

Nutrition Facts (per serving)
150 Calories
14g Fat
4g Carbs
4g Protein
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Nutrition Facts
Servings: 4
Amount per serving
Calories 150
% Daily Value*
Total Fat 14g 18%
Saturated Fat 2g 10%
Cholesterol 0mg 0%
Sodium 117mg 5%
Total Carbohydrate 4g 2%
Dietary Fiber 3g 11%
Total Sugars 0g
Protein 4g
Vitamin C 24mg 118%
Calcium 127mg 10%
Iron 3mg 14%
Potassium 233mg 5%
*The % Daily Value (DV) tells you how much a nutrient in a food serving contributes to a daily diet. 2,000 calories a day is used for general nutrition advice.
(Nutrition information is calculated using an ingredient database and should be considered an estimate.)