Passover is a holiday steeped in tradition, marked by a gathering of family and friends eating together. But with social distancing regulations in place, a big seder is off the table for most Americans this year.
Since you may be cooking just for yourself or a small group this Passover—and you won’t need to face judgment from highly opinionated family members who have enjoyed a few too many glasses of Manischewitz—we encourage you to experiment and have fun with your menu. Try a braised lamb shoulder spiced up with chilies and softly sweetened with dates, an appetizer of crispy fried artichokes, or a Sephardic-style charoset scented with orange flower water. (More leftovers for you is never a bad thing.)
Read on for 15 of our favorite traditional and not-so-traditional recipes to make this year's seder a smashing success, whether you’re quarantined with family or you’re turning to Zoom for a virtual celebration. You can find our favorite Passover desserts right here.
A note about the recipes that follow: Though some were designed with Passover in mind, others are meant to be more all-purpose, which means some of them contain ingredients not considered kosher for Passover—or, at least, not considered by everyone to be such. These may include soy sauce (which can be substituted with kosher tamari), Worcestershire sauce (fish-free Worcestershire may be substituted), distilled white vinegar, mustard, rice, and legumes.
Where possible, we've suggested replacements for these items. As dietary restrictions during Passover vary widely, we've chosen to offer a range of recipes to meet a range of preferences, with the hope that everyone will be able to find a few dishes here that they love and can add to their menu.
The Seder Plate
As tempting as it might be to pick up a bottle of prepared horseradish from the grocery store, it's almost as easy to make it from scratch. It takes just three ingredients—chunks of horseradish root, a little white vinegar to keep it from browning, and a pinch of salt—and a few minutes of pulsing in a food processor or blender. Make it now, and you can use it straight through the holiday—the pungent condiment will keep in an airtight container in the fridge for about three weeks.
Hard-boiling an egg may seem like the simplest of tasks, but it comes with a number of possible pitfalls: chalky, green-tinged yolks; rubbery whites; and, worst of all, the shell that refuses to pull away. Our heavily tested technique will save you from all of those dreaded outcomes. For easily peelable eggs, with firm but tender whites and nicely cooked yolks, start them in boiling water, then simmer for 11 minutes, shock in ice water, and remove the shell under running water. Or, even better, try steaming them instead.
This classic Ashkenazi charoset is so tasty, you'll be tempted to scarf up all the leftovers once the seder is over, and so simple that you may just start making it all year long. Combine diced apples and chopped toasted walnuts with a cup of sweet red Passover wine, plus plain or lightly toasted sugar and a pinch of spices, and you're done. We like to use a mix of sweet and tart apples, like a combination of Fuji and Granny Smith, for a balanced flavor.
Unlike the Ashkenazi version, Sephardic-style charoset incorporates dried fruits rather than fresh apples, and a wider variety of spices and nuts. Ours blends a red wine–simmered mixture of dates, dried apricots, and raisins with roasted almonds, plus a bit of fragrant orange blossom water. Chopping up the nuts and fruit in a food processor speeds things up, but make sure to leave a few chunks for texture.
The Dinner Plate
It's not fancy or especially pretty, but the best chopped liver can be just as tasty as any pâté. The dish is incredibly simple—nothing more than chicken livers, hard-boiled eggs, onion, and fat—so it pays to use the best version of each component. We favor livers that have been grilled, broiled, or seared; a mix of lightly sautéed and more deeply browned minced onion; and schmaltz, or rendered chicken fat. If you have gribenes, or delicious bits of crispy onion left over after making the schmaltz, don't forget to sprinkle them on top.
This easy variant on a traditional hummus mixes whole chickpeas with puréed ones and tahini sauce, and can be as chunky or smooth as you like. We start with Kenji's easy tahini sauce, made by puréeing whole unpeeled (yes, unpeeled!) garlic cloves directly into lemon juice, then adding that mixture to the tahini. For the best flavor, cook dried chickpeas in water with an array of aromatics, then blend some of the cooking liquid into the sauce.
There's a solid tradition of deep-frying in Roman-Jewish cuisine, and these shatteringly crisp artichokes, served with just a sprinkling of salt and a squeeze of lemon, are a case in point. The trick to getting them tender and crunchy, with that signature Mediterranean flavor, is double-frying in olive oil—though you can also use a more neutral oil to emphasize more of the artichokes' own flavor.
If you think of this old Passover standby as nothing more than a mound of mushy, oversweetened carrots, it's time to revisit it with a fresh recipe. Orange juice keeps the flavor bright, and just a dab of honey highlights the carrots' natural sweetness. A mix of cardamom and cinnamon gives the dish added complexity.
Every family has its own matzo ball style, so our customizable recipe lets you tailor the dish exactly to your liking. With the help of baking powder, seltzer, or just plain water, you can make matzo balls that are airy, dense, or anywhere in between. No matter what style you choose, a quality chicken stock is nonnegotiable—poaching the matzo balls in stock instead of water maximizes their flavor. Want to get a little crazy this year? Try one of these wacky/delicious matzo ball variations, including pan-fried, chicken-stuffed, and deep-fried-and-chicken-skin-wrapped.
The combination of deeply browned mushrooms, hearty kale, and nutty sherry vinaigrette is so flavorful that you won't miss the goat cheese if you choose to exclude it, which makes this salad a handy side to serve if you're having a "meat" seder. If you can, use a mixture of mushrooms—shiitakes, creminis, oysters, chanterelles, and porcini will all help build optimal flavor. The warmth from the sauté will infuse the greens, wilting and softening them slightly without any additional cooking.
Brisket is a notoriously difficult cut to cook—braise it too long, and it'll be tender but dry; not long enough, and it'll come out moist but tough. Our solution is to cover the meat while it braises to trap in the moisture, then submerge the sliced brisket in the warm braising liquid, so it reabsorbs the flavorful juices, before serving. Braising sweet onions and carrots along with the meat yields a classic accompaniment. (Do note that there is ketchup in the recipe, but you can substitute tomato paste to make it kosher for Passover.)
This brisket takes its inspiration from Southern barbecue. Instead of the leaner brisket flat, we call here for the point cut (also known as the deckle), a piece laced with intramuscular fat and prized in barbecue circles for its extra flavor and moistness. The tomato-based sauce also takes some cues from barbecue, incorporating brown sugar, molasses, and mustard, and gets a fruity holiday twist with the addition of dried apricots and cranberries, cranberry sauce, and apricot preserves. This recipe calls for soy sauce and Worcestershire; if you don't consume those products during Passover, try replacing them with kosher tamari.
Though it wasn't designed with the holiday in mind, this smoky braised lamb shoulder is the perfect choice if you want to try something a little more out-there. A range of powerful ingredients—dark morita chilies, fruity guajillo peppers, and bright, citrusy tomatillos—gives it tons of flavor, softened by a natural caramelly sweetness from dates. It also takes just 30 minutes of active prep time, after which it'll slowly cook in the Dutch oven all day, no babysitting needed. To keep it Passover-appropriate, skip the optional Cotija cheese garnish, and serve it with rice or on its own instead of with tortillas.
No roasted meats during Passover? No problem—cooking chicken breast sous vide, followed by a quick sear on the stovetop, ensures that the meat will end up delightfully juicy and tender inside, with nicely browned and crisp skin outside. It can be time-consuming, sure, but almost all of that time is hands-off, freeing you up to prepare other dishes. And, unlike traditional methods, sous vide makes overcooking virtually impossible, thus eliminating the number one risk to chicken breast.
Sous vide salmon is a fine option, but if you don't have an immersion circulator or if you're short on time, good old-fashioned pan-searing makes a wonderful simple entrée. The key is carefully drying the fish to keep it from sticking and to get the skin—the best part!—extra crisp. Cooking the fillets most of the way through on one side will heat the fish more gently, keeping it moist and tender.
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