The Secret Ingredient (Black Pepper): Steak au Poivre with Truffle Microgreen Salad Recipe

The Secret Ingredient

Every month we highlight a different ingredient and share weekly recipes that showcase its uses.

The Secret Ingredient (Black Pepper): Steak au Poivre with Truffle Microgreen Salad Recipe

[Photographs: Kerry Saretsky]

I've been doing something I never thought I'd do: researching black pepper. I wasn't surprised to find that it is the most in-demand spice on the market, or that it causes sneezing. But did you know that the green peppercorn, which I often buy in brine, is just the unripened black peppercorn? Or that the white peppercorn is just the black peppercorn without its little black outer shell? Or that Egyptian mummies had black peppercorns stuffed up their noses? Or that the peppercorn might be the very reason America was discovered, as explorers searched for ways to find their ways to Eastern spice markets? We do owe the little black peppercorn a debt of gratitude, so I am glad you can find it on almost every single table, right next to the salt.

But black pepper is not just a seasoning, it's an ingredient. I love a steak with a great crust, and nothing makes a better crust than black pepper. If ground roughly enough, it provides not only that strong spice, but also a distinct crunch which contrasts beautifully with that soft, mild interior of a medium-rare steak. In this recipe, sear the steak, coat it in freshly ground black pepper, roast it until done. Then top it with peppery microarugula, to reflect delicately on the peppercorns, tossed with fleur de sel and truffle oil. You could make this for Valentine's Day and look pretty amazing.

  • Yield:1
  • Active time: 20 minutes
  • Total time:20 minutes


  • 5 to 6 ounces beef tenderloin
  • 1 teaspoon olive oil
  • Kosher salt
  • 1 teaspoon black peppercorns
  • 1/4 cup microarugula
  • Drizzle black truffle oil
  • Pinch fleur de sel


  1. 1.

    Preheat the oven to 400°F. Take the beef out of the fridge 15 to 30 minutes before cooking.

  2. 2.

    Preheat a cast iron skillet over medium-high heat. Rub the meat with olive oil, and season with salt. Sear until brown, 4 minutes on the top and bottom of the steak, and an additional 30 seconds on each of the 4 sides.
    While the meat sears, grind the peppercorns in a spice grinder. When meat is seared, coat in ground peppercorns. Place meat on small rimmed baking sheet, and bake until internal temperature reaches 135°F, about 7 to 8 minutes. Allow to rest 10 minutes.

  3. 3.

    Toss micro arugula with truffle oil and fleur de sel. Pile on steak, and serve.