"The flavor is rich and and bacony thanks to the drippings."
When I heard that all newcomers to Mary Mac's Tea Room are greeted with a piece of cornbread and a small bowl of pot likker (the liquid left behind after boiling greens), I was anxious to see just what type of cornbread it would be. While most recipes have fairly similar ingredients, the proportions vary as do the textures and flavors of the finished batch. Moist and cakey, dry and crumbly, sweet and corny, or savory and salty.
John Ferrell's Cornbread, a recipe from Mary Mac's current owner, has a longer list of ingredients than most. Ferrell includes buttermilk for moisture and tang, self-rising flour for a wonderfully airy texture, and a quarter cup of bacon drippings. You have to pre-heat a cast iron pan in the oven first, then dust it with a bit of extra cornmeal to prevent sticking. The fluffy batter is poured directly into the scalding pan which makes for a bread that cooks quickly and evenly with a fantastically crisp bottom crust.
The cornbread that emerges from the pan is as light as can be and a little less gritty than one made with yellow cornmeal. While the cornbread might appear almost cake-like, the flavor is rich and and bacony thanks to the drippings. If you chose to use bacon drippings instead of corn oil I would advise leaving out some of the salt and adding a touch more sugar to balance out all the flavors. I'm looking forward to braising up a batch of collard greens to recreate the pot likker-cornbread combo.
- Yield:8 to 10
- 1/4 cup corn oil or bacon drippings plus 2 tablespoons for the skillet
- 1 1/2 cups white cornmeal plus 1 tablespoon for the skillet
- 1/4 cup self-rising flour
- 1 tablespoon sugar
- 1 teaspoon salt
- 1 1/2 teaspoons baking powder
- 1/2 teaspoon baking soda
- 1 cup buttermilk
- 1 large egg
Preheat the oven to 450˚F. Grease a 10-inch cast-iron skillet with 2 tablespoons corn oil or bacon drippings and place it in the oven for 6 to 8 minutes, until very hot.
Combine the 1 1/2 cups white cornmeal, the flour, sugar, salt, baking powder, and baking soda in a large bowl. Mix together the buttermilk, the remaining 1/4 cup oil or drippings, and egg in a small bowl. While the skillet is in the oven, stir the wet ingredients into the dry until just combined. Do not overstir.
Remove the hot skillet from the oven and sprinkle the 1 tablespoon cornmeal evenly over the bottom. This prevents the cornbread from sticking. Immediately pour the batter into the skillet and return to the oven. Bake for 18 to 20 minutes, or until browning on the edges. Serve hot.
Variation: Alternatively, the batter can be poured into a well-greased muffin tin to make about a dozen cornbread muffins..