Alton Brown's Roast Turkey Recipe

Alton Brown's Roast Turkey Recipe


What better recipe to start out with from this week's Good Eats: The Early Years than Alton's roast turkey. He explains every detail, from the brine—a mix of vegetable broth, brown sugar, black peppercorns, allspice berries, and candied ginger—to the roasting.


  • For the brine:
  • 1 (14 to 16 pound) frozen young turkey
  • 1 gallon vegetable broth, homemade or canned
  • 1 cup kosher salt
  • 1/2 cup packed brown sugar, light or dark
  • 1 tablespoon black peppercorns
  • 1 1/2 teaspoons allspice berries
  • 1 1/2 teaspoons candied ginger, chopped
  • 1 gallon water, iced
  • For roasting:
  • 1 red apple, quartered
  • 1/2 onion, quartered
  • 1 cinnamon stick
  • 1 cup water
  • 4 sprigs rosemary
  • 6 leaves sage
  • Canola oil


  1. 1.

    Two to three days before roasting, thaw the turkey in the refrigerator or in a cooler kept at 38°F tops.

  2. 2.

    Combine the vegetable stock, salt, brown sugar, peppercorns, allspice berries, and candied ginger in a large stockpot over medium-high heat. Stir until the salt and sugar dissolve. Remove from the heat. Cool to room temperature, then refrigerate the brine.

  3. 3.

    The eve before roasting, combine the brine and iced water in a cooler. Place the thawed turkey (guts, neck, and whatnot removed) breast side down in the brine. Seal up the cooler and use is as an ottoman.

  4. 4.

    Target brine time: 12 hours; flip the bird once about halfway through.

  5. 5.

    Roasting day: Heat the oven to 500°F.

  6. 6.

    Remove the bird from the brine and rinse inside and out. Discard brine.

  7. 7.

    Place the bird on a roasting rack and place inside a roasting pan. Pat the bird dry (inside and out) with paper towels.

  8. 8.

    Combine the apple, onion, cinnamon, and water in a microwave-safe bowl. Microwave on high for 5 minutes. Add to the turkey's cavity, along with the rosemary and sage. Truss, if you like.

  9. 9.

    Lightly coat the bird with canola oil. Roast the bird on the lowest rack of the oven for 30 minutes.

  10. 10.

    Insert a probe thermometer into the thickest part of the breast and reduce the oven temperature to 350°F.

  11. 11.

    Roast until the thermometer registers 155°F, about 2 1/2 hours.

  12. 12.

    Remove from the oven, cover loosely with aluminum foil, and let rest for at least 15 minutes before carving.