Philadelphia Butter Cake is almost indescribably rich: if you can imagine Gooey Butter cake but minus the cream cheese, and with a base that is somewhat like a crushed, compressed danish, you're getting the right idea.
Note: Salted butter is suggested for the base, but not necessary; if you only stock unsalted butter, feel free to use that with a pinch of salt, or just on its own.
Regarding the vanilla extract, if you want a pale yellow hue, use clear vanilla extract; if you don't mind about a lemony hue, use regular vanilla extract; it taste good both ways.
- For the Base:
- 1/4 cup (about 2 ounces) granulated sugar
- 1/4 cup (4 tablespoons) salted butter
- 1/4 teaspoon salt
- 1 large egg
- 1 (1/4 ounce) packet active dry yeast
- 1/2 cup warm milk (105-115°F)
- 2 1/4 cups (about 12 ounces) flour, sifted
- 2 teaspoons vanilla extract (clear or regular)
- For the Topping:
- 1 cup (16 tablespoons) unsalted butter
- 2/3 cup (about 3 ounces) flour
- 2 cups (about 16 ounces) superfine sugar
- 2 large eggs
- 4 tablespoons milk
- 1 teaspoon vanilla extract (clear or regular)
In the bowl of a stand mixer fitted with the paddle attachment, mix sugar, butter, and salt on low speed until combined. Add egg, and beat on medium speed for 1 minute.
In a small bowl, dissolve the yeast in warm milk.
To egg/sugar mixture, add flour, then yeast mixture and vanilla, beating about 3 minutes (with dough hook or by hand). Turn the dough onto a lightly floured board and knead for 90 seconds. Place in a lightly greased bowl, cover with a towel, and allow the dough to rise until doubled in size, about 1 hour.
Toward the end of the rising period, start preparing the topping. In a stand mixer fitted with the paddle attachment, cream the butter until light and fluffy, about 2 minutes on medium speed. Add the flour and sugar to the mixture, and continue beating on medium speed until fully combined. Add the eggs one at a time, allowing the first to fully incorporate into the batter before adding the second. Add in the vanilla. Add the milk, 1 tablespoon at a time. If the consistency is any thinner than a pancake batter, don't add any more milk.
Grease or line a 9- by 13-inch aluminum pan with parchment paper.
Once the dough has doubled in size, punch it down. Remove it from the bowl, and pat into the bottom of your prepared pan. Crimp the edges of the crust halfway up the sides of the container so that they will hold in the filling.
Spread the topping evenly over the dough. Let stand for 20 minutes. Meanwhile, preheat the oven to 375°F and position a rack in the middle position.
Bake 30 minutes, or until browned on the edges but still quite gooey in the middle. It will solidify as it cools. Wait until it has cooled completely before serving; store in the refrigerator.