Lemon Drop Hot Sauce Recipe

Peruvian dried chiles lend this hot sauce a citrusy element, making it a perfect condiment for a last-minute dash of heat and flavor.

Closeup of a wooden spoonful of lemon drop hot sauce.

Serious Eats / Max Falkowitz

Why This Recipe Works

  • The addition of honey and olive oil tempers the heat of the chiles.
  • Olive oil helps extract fat-soluble flavors from the chiles, which amplifies their citrus notes.
  • Cumin and coriander add earthiness and another dimension of citrusy flavor.

Chiles don't always taste like you expect. Remember aji panca, the sweet purple chile that tastes oddly like blueberries? Well here's another Peruvian import (a nation whose chiles I seem to have a thing for) that's something of an edible surprise: lemon drop chiles.

Dried lemon drop chiles scattered on a white surface.

Serious Eats / Max Falkowitz

I first encountered lemon drops at a local farmers' market. I was assured that yes, they did taste remarkably citrusy, and that they were quite hot. They didn't disappoint on either front. Their flavor and aroma are spectacular: a rounded, sweet lemon flavor, with tinges of the tropics and the smoldering fire of capsaicin. My first bite—a nibble off the end of a dried pod—was a strong enough kick in the mouth to make me pay attention. But the heat dissipated quickly, leaving a smooth kiss of citrus behind. This is a chile to get excited about.

"Their flavor and aroma are spectacular: a rounded, sweet lemon flavor, with tinges of the tropics and the smoldering fire of capsaicin."

When fresh, the peppers are bright mustard yellow, a couple inches long with pointy tips. They turn a darker color when dried, but retain an unmistakable lemon-y flavor. Truth be told, the chiles taste more like the eponymous candy than lemons themselves, but their considerable heat eliminates any trace of cloying sweetness. Their flavor is slightly reminiscent of habaneros, whose remarkable fruitiness can be dominated by face-melting spiciness. If those chiles are just too hot for you to get any enjoyment from them, lemon drops are a worthy substitute.

Unfortunately, while habaneros can be found in the unlikeliest of supermarkets, lemon drops are pretty hard to find. They're best found at farmers' markets or, if you're really lucky, from a local chile grower willing to make a deal. Or you could grow your own: The internet abounds with sources for seeds and tips for cultivation, as they seem to be popular with many gardeners.

Lemon drops pair well with other bright, acidic ingredients: citrus of all kinds, garlic, vinegar, and the like. But they also brighten ingredients that could use some jazz, especially simply-cooked pork, chicken, and mild legumes. Their distinctive flavor is best left unmarred by competing ingredients; most of the time, I'm happy to slip in a bit of coriander and call it a day.

Like habaneros, a little goes a long way. Mince the peppers fine or grind them into a powder, and add them toward the end of cooking to preserve their flavor. They'd be out of place in your pot of chili, but are perfect in soups, braises, and stir-fries for a bright finish.

My favorite use of lemon drops, both for its ease of use and the way it showcases all the chiles can do, is a simple vinegar hot sauce. Yes, it has some supporting players: garlic, coriander, cumin, and a tad of fruity olive oil, but it's all about the chiles. Bright, fiery, and citrusy, I use it in vinaigrettes in place of mustard, in marinades, and straight into a bowl of beans or greens. Like the chiles, this hot sauce hits hard and fast. The heat lingers, but it's the beguiling flavor of the chiles that stands out, perfect as a last-minute accent that beats the pants off straight lemon juice.

May 2011

Recipe Details

Lemon Drop Hot Sauce Recipe

Active 10 mins
Total 10 mins
Serves 24 servings
Makes 1 1/2 cups

Peruvian dried chiles lend this hot sauce a citrusy element, making it a perfect condiment for a last-minute dash of heat and flavor.


  • 1 ounce dried lemon drop chile peppers (about 1 1/2 cups), stems and seeds removed (see note)

  • 1 teaspoon coriander seeds

  • 1/4 teaspoon cumin seeds

  • 4 cloves garlic, peeled

  • 1 cup apple cider vinegar

  • 1/4 cup fruity extra-virgin olive oil

  • Honey, to taste

  • Salt, to taste


  1. In a skillet over medium heat, toast chiles, coriander, and cumin until just fragrant, about 10 seconds. Remove from heat and transfer to a blender along with garlic, vinegar, and olive oil. Blend until very smooth, scraping down sides of blender as needed, for 3-5 minutes.

  2. Pour hot sauce through a fine-meshed strainer into a bowl. With a rubber spatula, push sauce through strainer to separate all liquid from chunks of pepper and spices. Add honey and salt to taste, starting with about 1/4 teaspoon, then transfer to a very clean bottle or jar. Store sauce in refrigerator, where it keeps well.

Special Equipment



If using fresh lemon drop chiles, simmer about 2 cups of seeded peppers in the vinegar until soft, then proceed with the rest of the recipe.

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Nutrition Facts (per serving)
28 Calories
2g Fat
1g Carbs
0g Protein
Show Full Nutrition Label Hide Full Nutrition Label
Nutrition Facts
Servings: 24
Amount per serving
Calories 28
% Daily Value*
Total Fat 2g 3%
Saturated Fat 0g 2%
Cholesterol 0mg 0%
Sodium 50mg 2%
Total Carbohydrate 1g 0%
Dietary Fiber 0g 1%
Total Sugars 1g
Protein 0g
Vitamin C 1mg 3%
Calcium 3mg 0%
Iron 0mg 1%
Potassium 33mg 1%
*The % Daily Value (DV) tells you how much a nutrient in a food serving contributes to a daily diet. 2,000 calories a day is used for general nutrition advice.
(Nutrition information is calculated using an ingredient database and should be considered an estimate.)