Muffuletta Shooter's-Style Sandwiches Recipe

pressed muffuletta loaf sliced with cross section displayed

Serious Eats/J. Kenji Lopez-Alt

Why This Recipe Works

  • Bread with a sturdy crust holds in juicy ingredients and stands up to prolonged pressing. 
  • Multiple thin layers of each ingredient ensure even flavor throughout the sandwich. 
  • Pressing the sandwich removes the air between layers, making a compact sandwich that travels well. 

The classic shooter's sandwich is made by stuffing cooked steak into a hollowed-out loaf of bread along with sautéed mushrooms and onions, dressing it with mustard and horseradish, then wrapping it tightly and pressing it overnight under very heavy weight. You end up with a sort of portable version of beef Wellington the next day, ready to be sliced into wedges and eaten on a picnic (or a hunt, as the case may be). But as impressive as it may be on paper, we discovered the sad reality by making the absolute best version of the original shooter. It fails at the most basic job of any great sandwich: the whole must be greater than the sum of its parts.

But the idea of a party-sized, ultra-pressed sandwich is so appealing that I've spent the last few weeks brainstorming and testing recipes for versions of shooter's-style sandwiches that actually work. I'll be sharing them with you now.

Muffuletta Shooter's-Style Sandwiches

I'm going to go ahead and declare the Muffuletta King of sandwiches. The New Orleans classic is made with layers of cold cuts and provolone cheese on a sesame seed-studded muffuletta loaf, dressed with a punchy olive salad. Typically, it gets wrapped in plastic and is allowed to rest for at least an hour or so to let the bread soak up some of the oil and vinegar from the salad. When you compress the same sandwich shooter's-style, it elevates the whole affair, forcing flavors to mingle even more than they normally do.

The Ingredients

crusty loaf of bread, thinly sliced mortadella, sweet sopressata, hot capicola, sharp provolone, and ramekin of olive salad

Serious Eats/J. Kenji Lopez-Alt

Real muffuletta bread is tough to find outside of New Orleans, but this fantastic sesame loaf from Sullivan Street Bakery works remarkably well. I also have a third of a pound each of imported mortadella, sweet sopressata, hot capicola, and sharp provolone, sliced thin. In the bowl is a cup and a half of classic New Orleans-style olive salad, made with olives, capers, roasted red peppers, pickled Italian vegetables, garlic, parsley, and oil and vinegar.

Step 1: Remove the Top

overhead view of slicing crusty loaf in half horizontally with a serrated bread knife

Serious Eats/J. Kenji Lopez-Alt

Use a bread knife to take the top off the bread. You're going for just the top here, not slicing the bread in half. The goal is to create a "boat" out of the bottom half, into which you'll stuff your ingredients.

Step 2: Cut Around the Bottom

cutting around the inside of the bottom half with serrated bread knife

Serious Eats/J. Kenji Lopez-Alt

Use the bread knife to cut around the inside of the bottom half. You don't want to cut all the way through the bottom crust, just through the tender crumb.

Step 3: Scoop

Scoop out the crumb with your hands. It should come out cleanly, leaving you with a boat to stuff.

Step 4: Layer Ingredients

I start with a thick layer of olive salad...

olive salad layered on bottom half of hollowed out crusty loaf

Serious Eats/J. Kenji Lopez-Alt

...followed by mortadella and sopressata...

mortadella and sopressata layered inside crusty loaf

Serious Eats/J. Kenji Lopez-Alt

...then capicola and provolone. All aboard the meat boat! I couldn't get the theme song from The Love Boat out of my head.

♫ The meeeeeeat boooooat! Soon we'll be stuffing another bun! ♫ The meeat booooat! ♪ Pressed sandwiches for everyone!! ♫

And now it is stuck in your head. You're welcome.

For the best flavor distribution, you want to build at least three full layers of each ingredient so you'll end up with very thin layers of each, rather than large blocks of cheese and meat.

olive salad layered on top of sliced provolone

J. Kenji Lopez-Alt

Top it all off with more of that olive salad.

Step 5: Close Sandwich

filled muffaletta loaf with top crust askew

Serious Eats/J. Kenji Lopez-Alt

Cover the sandwich with its hat, pressing down gently with your hands to ensure that all the ingredients fit. Wrap the sandwich tightly with butcher paper or aluminum foil.

Step 6: Weight and Wait

Place the sandwich between two firm cutting boards, then place a very heavy object on top of it and let it sit for at least four hours and up to overnight (check on it occasionally to make sure it hasn't toppled and is pressing evenly!)

Step 7: Slice and Serve

When you're ready, slice the sucker open and dig in. The intense pressure should have compressed all of the layers until there is no air at all left inside, leaving you with a solid wall of flavor. It's as if someone took a muffuletta and concentrated all of its already intense flavors, which makes sense, as that's exactly what we've done.

Now THIS is a sandwich fit for a picnic (or let's be real: it's also a sandwich fit for your Sunday afternoon lie-about on the couch).

Shooter's Sandwich Tips

Here are some general tips for helping you design your own shooter's-style sandwiches.

  • Use hearty bread. You want bread with a significant, hearty crust, especially if you have any kind of moist fillings. It's going to take a beating.
  • If it doesn't belong in a normal sandwich, it doesn't belong in a shooter's. There's nothing magical about the shooter's process that makes things you typically wouldn't put in a normal sandwich suddenly viable. I'm looking at you here, entire un-sliced steak.
  • Go heavy on flavorful garnishes. Compression does make flavors marry better, but it can also make some layers nearly disappear, particularly garnishes like pickles, relishes, and dressings. Go extra heavy on them if you want your sandwich balanced in the end.
  • Wrap in foil or paper, not plastic. Forget the plastic wrap, use heavy-duty aluminum foil or butcher paper to wrap your sandwiches. You're going to be putting them under a lot of pressure.
  • Press hard, but not too hard. I press my sandwiches between two cutting boards and weigh them down with big books. There is such thing as too much weight. I hit this breaking point when I put an entire desk along with a dozen or so bottles of full liquor and a computer on top of one. It got so compressed that the juices inside were squished out, turning the bread soggy.
  • Don't let it topple! Keep an eye on the sandwich at the beginning: As it compresses, the cutting board may topple. You can use smaller books or other supports to make a fail-safe in case you have to leave.
  • Leave it at room temperature. Officially, I think it'd be unwise for me to recommend leaving a sandwich out at room temperature for four hours or overnight. Unofficially, I can tell you that I've never heard of anyone getting sick from a shooter's, especially with such strongly flavored ingredients (the things that taste good to us—salt, acid, sugar—also happen to make inhospitable environments for bacteria). You can refrigerate if you're squeamish, but bread goes stale faster in the refrigerator. Your sandwich will taste better at room temperature.
  • Consider heating. Some sandwiches taste better warm, especially if there's cooked meat or melty cheese in there. I warm my sandwiches directly in their foil wrapper in a 350°F (180°C) oven for about 20 minutes. You can also take off the foil before warming if you want a crisper crust.
  • Slice while wrapped. The foil or paper wrapper can help keep your sandwich nicely shaped and perfectly held together during the slicing and serving process.

Recipe Details

Muffuletta Shooter's-Style Sandwiches Recipe

Active 20 mins
Total 4 hrs 20 mins
Serves 4 servings


  • 1 hearty loaf of bread, preferably sesame-crusted

  • 1 recipe New Orleans-Style Olive Salad (about 1 1/2 cups)

  • 1/3 pound thin-sliced mortadella

  • 1/3 pound thin-sliced sopressata

  • 1/3 pound thin-sliced hot capicola

  • 1/3 pound thin-sliced sharp provolone


  1. Slice 1 to 1 1/2-inches off the top of the loaf of bread using a bread knife. Cut around the perimeter of the interior crumb, making sure not to break through the bottom crust, then use your hand to lift out the excess bread from the inside, leaving you with a hollow bread boat.

    hand-scooping out crumb to create bread boat

    Serious Eats/J. Kenji Lopez-Alt

  2. Spread half of olive salad along bottom of bread boat. Layer 1/3 or mortadella, 1/3 of sopressata, 1/3 of capicola, and 1/3 of provolone. Repeat cold cut and cheese layers 2 more times. Top with remaining olive salad and close sandwich.

    layering sliced provolone over capicola in bread boat

    Serious Eats/J. Kenji Lopez-Alt

  3. Wrap sandwich tightly in aluminum foil or burtcher paper, then place in between 2 stiff cutting boards. Place a heavy weight on top (about 40 pounds), press down firmly to flatten sandwich, then let rest under the weight for at least 4 hours and up to overnight (keep an eye on the sandwich to ensure that it is pressing evenly).

    heavy book weighing down muffaletta in between two cutting boards

    Serious Eats/J. Kenji Lopez-Alt

  4. When ready to eat, remove weight, slice sandwich into 4 pieces through paper or foil with a bread knife, unwrap, and serve.

    cross-section of two halves of pressed muffaletta wrapped in paper

    Serious Eats/J. Kenji Lopez-Alt

Nutrition Facts (per serving)
1119 Calories
90g Fat
41g Carbs
40g Protein
Show Full Nutrition Label Hide Full Nutrition Label
Nutrition Facts
Servings: 4
Amount per serving
Calories 1119
% Daily Value*
Total Fat 90g 115%
Saturated Fat 24g 118%
Cholesterol 113mg 38%
Sodium 3720mg 162%
Total Carbohydrate 41g 15%
Dietary Fiber 7g 24%
Total Sugars 4g
Protein 40g
Vitamin C 4mg 22%
Calcium 498mg 38%
Iron 7mg 37%
Potassium 539mg 11%
*The % Daily Value (DV) tells you how much a nutrient in a food serving contributes to a daily diet. 2,000 calories a day is used for general nutrition advice.
(Nutrition information is calculated using an ingredient database and should be considered an estimate.)