Matzo Pancakes (Chremslach) Recipe

Also known as chremslach or bubeleh, these pancakes are unquestionably delicious: golden and tender with a delicate crunch of granulated sugar sprinkled on top.

A plate of matzo pancakes, sprinkled with sugar.

Serious Eats / Joel Russo

Why It Works

  • Breaking up sheets of matzo allows you to control the size of the particles and therefore the final pancake texture.
  • Soaking the matzo in water softens it, allowing it to form a rough batter when mixed with the eggs.

My grandmother grew up in a household rich with Ashkenazi Jewish cooking, which I would never have known were it not for a surviving document her twin brother, my great-uncle Shush, once wrote to catalog the foods of their youth. I've written about this letter before, in my article on how to make chopped liver, but let's just say that Shush was not a fan of many of those foods, a number of which involved offal.


Of all the dishes their Latvian-immigrant mother made by hand, today I recognize the names of only a few—and gefilte fish is familiar to me not because my great-grandmother's recipe survived through the generations, but because my mom would sometimes buy it in a jar. The failure of traditional foods like miltz (spleen), p'tcha (calf's-foot aspic), and lungen (lungs) to maintain a foothold in my family isn't much of a shock, given how much Shush, and presumably his siblings, hated them.

But there was one dish that he clearly loved—matzo pancakes, which he called pompishkehs.* During Passover, he wrote, "we ate pancakes made of matzo meal sprinkled with powdered sugar...a meal to be classed with the gustatory creations of all time.... Made hotcakes seem like an aberration." The first time I read his letter, my heart leapt at the mention of pancakes made from matzo meal: I know those! They were the one, the only, dish my sister and I begged for when we visited our bubbe, who would cook us a batch in a matter of minutes and serve them with granulated sugar on the side to sprinkle on top.

*The closest thing I could find after a quick web search for "pompishkeh" was a Ukrainian fritter called a pampushka, which, being yeasted, wouldn't be kosher for Passover. In Claudia Roden's The Book of Jewish Food, she uses the terms chremslach and bubeleh for these matzo pancakes.

Here, finally, was my cultural inheritance: little ovals of egg and crushed unleavened cracker. Modest indeed, but also inarguably tasty. A meal to be classed with the gustatory creations of all time, as Uncle Shush hailed them? I wouldn't go that far—foie gras, tacos, and sushi would rightly be offended by the notion—but they certainly offer an ease-to-deliciousness ratio that's hard to beat.

Start by smashing matzo into irregular bits and pieces. How small you make them is a matter of personal choice—I like a mix, with some fine bits and some chunky, but you can go very fine, all the way down to the size of matzo meal (the finely ground stuff that's also used to make matzo balls).

Next, soak them in cold water for a minute or two to soften them. Drain the water, mix in beaten eggs and a pinch of salt, then cook dollops of what I suppose we can call the "batter" in a buttered pan.

The matzo functions like the floury component of a pancake or fritter batter, but because the flour used to make the matzo was already hydrated and cooked when the matzo was made, getting it wet again and binding it with egg is all that needs to be done this second time.

A bonus is that all the warm, toasty notes of the already-baked matzo wind up in the final pancakes, which are then griddled, just like classic pancakes, resulting in layers of browned flavor.

Readers familiar with Jewish foods may recognize these pancakes as a form of matzo brei, an egg-and-matzo creation that takes many shapes and comes in both sweet and savory forms. I'd agree that they are, or at least seem to be, more or less the same thing. The main difference is that matzo pancakes have to be shaped like, well, pancakes, and can be made with either broken matzo, as in my recipe here, or matzo meal. As far as I know, matzo brei would never call for matzo meal, and it can be made more like an egg scramble, or a large, cooked egg-and-matzo mass, or anything in between.

I've been cooking matzo pancakes a lot recently for my son, who's one and a half now. Not only is it one of the easiest breakfasts I can toss together for him, it's also the only unbroken chain of recipe heritage I have to pass on. It's not much, but you wouldn't know it from how enthusiastically he gobbles them up.

A plate of matzo pancakes is sprinkled with sugar.

Serious Eats / Joel Russo

April 2019

Recipe Facts

Active: 20 mins
Total: 20 mins
Serves: 2 to 4 servings

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Ingredients

  • 4 sheets matzo (about 1 1/2 ounces; 40g each)

  • 4 large eggs

  • Kosher salt

  • Unsalted butter, for greasing the pan

  • Granulated sugar, for serving

Directions

  1. In a medium mixing bowl, crush matzo sheets into small pieces. (Exactly how small is a question of personal preference; you can reduce it all to a rough meal, or leave some larger chunks for a more varied texture.)

    Breaking up matzo for matzo pancakes

    Serious Eats / Joel Russo

  2. Add just enough cold water to saturate all the crushed matzo and let stand until softened, about 1 minute. Drain matzo, pressing out excess water, and return to the bowl.

    soaking matzo in water to soften it for matzo pancakes

    Serious Eats / Joel Russo

  3. In a small mixing bowl, beat eggs with a large pinch of salt. Add eggs to matzo and mix well.

    Adding eggs to matzo for matzo pancakes

    Serious Eats / Joel Russo

  4. In a large nonstick or cast iron skillet, melt 1 tablespoon (15g) butter over medium heat until foaming. Using a soup spoon, dollop matzo batter into pan, forming small oval pancakes. Cook until golden on the first side, about 2 minutes. Turn pancakes and continue cooking until golden on the second side, 1 to 2 minutes longer. Continue with remaining matzo batter, using additional butter as needed to keep the pan greased; adjust heat throughout to maintain a gentle but active sizzle.

    cooking matzo pancakes

    Serious Eats / Joel Russo

  5. Transfer matzo pancakes to a platter and keep warm. Serve with a dish of granulated sugar on the side, for sprinkling on top at the table.

Special Equipment

Large cast iron skillet or nonstick skillet

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Nutrition Facts (per serving)
270 Calories
10g Fat
34g Carbs
10g Protein
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Nutrition Facts
Servings: 2 to 4
Amount per serving
Calories 270
% Daily Value*
Total Fat 10g 12%
Saturated Fat 4g 22%
Cholesterol 197mg 66%
Sodium 97mg 4%
Total Carbohydrate 34g 13%
Dietary Fiber 1g 4%
Total Sugars 1g
Protein 10g
Vitamin C 0mg 0%
Calcium 35mg 3%
Iron 2mg 12%
Potassium 115mg 2%
*The % Daily Value (DV) tells you how much a nutrient in a food serving contributes to a daily diet. 2,000 calories a day is used for general nutrition advice.
(Nutrition information is calculated using an ingredient database and should be considered an estimate.)