Why It Works
- Using a low-gluten flour like whole wheat, rice, or chickpea flour decreases the chances of overworking the dough, which can lead to tough pancakes.
- Using ice water and a cold egg in the liquid portion of the batter further inhibits gluten development.
- Adding a savory fermented bean paste like doubanjiang, gochujang, or miso to the batter gives the pancakes a little personality.
- Frying the pancakes in an ample amount of oil over medium-high heat means the pancakes cook quickly and achieve a crisp exterior without overcooking, which can make the pancakes tough.
What do you do when your child refuses to eat vegetables? Make pancakes.
At least, that's been my solution since about October of 2019, when my now-three-year-old decided, seemingly overnight, that vegetables of any kind were poison.
From what I can tell, many, many parents have a similar challenge, and resort to all kinds of tricks to fool their kids: stuffing chopped up spinach into super-cheesy quesadillas, blending greens into sweet smoothies, etc. My child, however, has turned her nose up at those vegetable delivery systems, refused loaded scrambled eggs, and has even rejected a whole Neapolitan pizza because I, like a ding dong, thought a teaspoon of minced broccoli florets wouldn't be noticeable in the sea of oozy mozzarella and tart tomato sauce.
But since she seems perfectly happy eating the gyoza I make (not exactly this recipe; lighter on the pork, way heavier on the vegetables, which include Napa cabbage, carrot, the Japanese chives known as nira, and, if we have them, some chopped stir-fried pea shoot greens), I decided to try throwing those vegetables into a savory pancake. This was partly to get her to eat vegetables, but it was also partly to come up with a dish that I could throw together at a moment's notice, one that would both satisfy her dispiritingly exacting tastes and be palatable to me and my wife, thereby foregoing the need to make two entirely different dinners for a family of three.
While the idea was inspired by pajeon, savory Korean scallion pancakes, it quickly branched off into a different direction, mostly because I initially made a pancake batter with ingredients I had on-hand, and that was all-purpose flour cut with roasted chickpea flour. I added in some things that I thought would make the pancakes taste good in their own right—salt, of course, but also doubanjiang, the Sichuan spicy fermented broad-bean paste, and some minced garlic—then I added ingredients to achieve the specific batter consistency I thought would be best, one that yielded a fluffy, light pancake with crisp edges, yet also one that could stand up to being stuffed to the gills with a whole host of raw and cooked vegetables.
Over many months, I've tried this recipe using a variety of alternative flours—whole wheat, rice, roasted rice (typically used to make string hoppers, or idi appa), chickpea, roasted chickpea—and all of them work well, provided you adjust the amount of ice water used to make the batter. And that ice water is key: Between the low-gluten alternative flours and the ice water, provided the cook takes care to not overmix the batter, the result is a light, not heavy, crumb that has very little chew, an indication that the gluten within the flour mix hasn't been overdeveloped, which would make a tough, heavy, and chewy pancake.
I've come to appreciate how accommodating this recipe is. Aside from your choice of low-gluten alternative flour, you can also use whatever fermented bean paste you have on hand, whether it's miso, doenjang (Korean fermented bean paste commonly used in pajeon batter), or even gochujang, and you can use whatever raw, cooked, or fermented vegetables you have in your fridge. Chopped up kimchi works wonderfully in the batter (add in a few tablespoons of funky, fiery kimchi juice as well), as does stir-fried cabbage, or chopped up sautéed broccoli rabe. The one thing to keep in mind is that some raw vegetables, like cabbage and onions, have a fair amount of water in them, and you'll want to get rid of the excess somehow before folding the veg into the batter. In this recipe, I call for macerating the cabbage with salt as a low-effort way to do that, but you could just as easily cook the cabbage in a little bit of oil and achieve the same effect.
If you wanted to add in some kind of protein, leftover stir-fried meat works well, as does the inclusion of raw shrimp, chopped into smaller, quick-cooking pieces (this recipe can easily accommodate the addition of up to four ounces of chopped raw shrimp in addition to the vegetables listed).
The dipping sauce served alongside is entirely optional; it's mostly a holdover from thinking of these like gyoza pancakes. But the savory soy sauce combined with the brightness of rice vinegar and the earthiness of sesame oil gives the pancakes an extra dimension of flavor, and my child really loves dipping foods in sauces, but don't we all, in the end?
- For the Dipping Sauce:
- 2 tablespoon soy sauce
- 2 tablespoons rice vinegar
- 2 teaspoons sesame oil
- For the Pancakes:
- 100 grams (3.5 ounces; 2/3 cup) all-purpose flour
- 50 grams (1.75 ounces; 1/3 cup) whole wheat, rice, roasted rice, or chickpea flour (see note)
- 1/2 teaspoon (2g) Diamond Crystal kosher salt plus more for seasoning; if using table salt, use half as much by volume
- 1/4 teaspoon baking powder
- 1 large egg, straight from the fridge
- 1 tablespoon (17g) doubanjiang or other fermented bean paste (see note)
- 1 clove garlic, minced
- 2/3 cup (160 ml) ice-cold water, plus more as needed (see note)
- 6 ounces salted green cabbage (about 1 1/4 cups; 168g from 1/4 head of cabbage) or kimchi, roughly chopped (see note)
- 1 small carrot (about 2 ounces; 60g), peeled and grated on large holes of box grater
- 2 scallions (about 1 ounce; 30g), thinly sliced
- 1/2 cup (120ml) vegetable oil for frying, plus extra as needed
For the Dipping Sauce: Combine soy sauce, rice vinegar, and sesame oil in a small bowl and stir briefly to combine. Set aside.
For the Pancakes: In a large bowl, whisk together all-purpose flour, whole wheat flour (or other flour), 1/2 teaspoon of salt, and baking powder until well-combined, about 30 seconds. Set aside.
In a separate medium bowl, whisk together egg, doubanjiang (or other fermented bean paste), garlic, and water until mixture is homogeneous, about 1 minute. Add wet mixture to large mixing bowl with flour mixture and whisk together just until a smooth, loose batter forms; the consistency should be similar to pancake batter; it should flow easily off the whisk and puddle briefly on top of the batter in the bowl. Add additional ice-cold water as needed to achieve this consistency, taking care not to over-mix the batter.
Add salted cabbage (or kimchi), grated carrot, and sliced scallions to batter and, using flexible spatula, fold in vegetables gently until evenly incorporated.
Heat oil in 12-inch stainless steel, well-seasoned cast iron, or nonstick skillet over medium-high heat until shimmering. Using a large spoon, small ladle, or measuring cup, add batter in 3-tablespoon (1 1/2-ounce; 45ml) portions (you can make larger or smaller pancakes as desired) to hot oil. For thinner, crispier pancakes, press down on batter to flatten them out; for thicker, fluffier pancakes, leave batter undisturbed. Cook, swirling oil once or twice, until pancakes are golden brown and crispy on first side, 2 to 3 minutes. Flip pancakes and continue cooking, swirling oil once or twice, until second side is golden and crispy, 2 to 3 minutes more. Transfer pancakes to wire rack set in rimmed baking sheet or paper towel-lined plate and season with salt. Repeat process with remaining batter, adding more oil if pan becomes too dry. Serve pancakes hot with dipping sauce alongside.
To prepare salted raw cabbage, core and roughly chop 1/4 head green cabbage, and combine with 2 teaspoons salt in a medium mixing bowl. Using clean hands, toss and massage cabbage with salt to thoroughly combine. Set aside for at least 30 minutes and up to 1 hour. Firmly squeeze cabbage in batches to get rid of excess water. Set macerated cabbage aside and discard expressed water.
This recipe was tested with rice flour, roasted rice flour, chickpea flour, and several varieties of whole wheat flour.
The amount of water needed to form a pancake-batter consistency depends on the type of alternative flour used. The 160 milliliters of ice water called for should be seen as a suggested starting point; for rice flour, you may not need to add any additional water, but for other flours, like whole wheat, depending on how finely they're milled, you may need to add additional ice water to achieve the proper consistency.
The vegetables in the recipe can be replaced, either in part or entirely, with an equivalent amount of stir-fried vegetables, leftover chopped, cooked meats, or with small pieces of raw quick-cooking proteins, like shrimp.
Make-Ahead and Storage
Pancakes are best served and enjoyed immediately.