E.L. Fudge-Style Chocolate and Vanilla Sandwich Cookies Recipe

Two rows of fudge-filled, owl-shaped shortbread sandwich cookies on parchment paper.

Serious Eats / Vicky Wasik

Why It Works

  • Nearly equal parts sugar and butter help the cookies turn out tender and crisp.
  • A splash of milk helps develop enough gluten to make the cookies crunchy, too.
  • Dutch cocoa powder gives the filling a deep dark-chocolate taste.

When I was a kid, I thought of E.L. Fudge (ELF) cookies as the antithesis of Oreos, with crispy vanilla wafers surrounding a dark-chocolate filling. They were also perfectly wonderful even if you didn't have ready access to a glass of milk, which made them one of my favorite cookies to buy at a gas station during our family road trips.

Keeping the Cookies Crisp

You'd think just about any vanilla cookie with a chocolate filling would get the job done, but ELFs are crunchy in a way homemade cookies rarely are, almost like a cracker. So, to make something similar at home, I knew I couldn't reach for that old pastry standby, the 1-2-3 dough: one part sugar, two parts butter, and three parts flour by weight. It produces a cutout cookie that holds its shape nicely in the oven, but one far too tender for an ELF.

So my recipe scales back on the butter to give the cookies a little more bite. While fat is a tenderizing ingredient, cutting down doesn't make the cookies tough so much as it makes them a bit more resilient—crunchy, if you will. It also makes for a drier dough, necessitating a splash of milk to eliminate any crumbliness.

In cookies, the lactose in milk can improve both flavor and browning via the Maillard reaction, but milk also contributes enough water to facilitate gluten development. If it's not incorporated thoughtfully, that can be a Very Bad Thing, as excess gluten formation goes hand in hand with toughness and shrinking. But, when approached with care, it can also create a cracker-like snap...just what I wanted in a crispy sandwich cookie.

Because of that unusual addition, I bring the dough together like a cake/cookie hybrid, first creaming the butter and sugar together until fluffy and light (more info on the importance of that step here), then alternating additions of milk/vanilla and flour until both have been thoroughly incorporated.

Rolling, Cutting, Baking

The result is a soft and pliable dough that can easily be rolled out to a thickness of one-eighth of an inch—a super-important detail, because the cookies will ultimately be paired with a chocolate filling. If the cookies are rolled too thick, you can easily wind up with a monstrously thick sandwich cookie. Now, you may be thinking that bigger is better (MOAR COOKIES!), but in a crunchy cookie like this, less is more unless you want to chip a tooth. So, please, grab a ruler!

As with almost any dough, there's no shame in using a big handful of flour to prevent it from sticking to your work surface or pin; it's far easier to dust away the excess with a pastry brush than to unstick a dough plastered to the counter. Don't hold back! Once the dough is nice and thin, you can give it a pass with a docking tool to add a little polka-dotted flair.

Unfortunately, there are no tiny-Keebler-Elf-shaped cookie cutters to be had in this cruel world, but I discovered an owl-shaped cutter with approximately the same dimensions as Ernie Keebler himself—just over an inch wide and a wee bit over three inches long. (You can see a side-by-side comparison here.)

Of course, you can use any cookie cutter, but remember that the yield and the amount of filling required will vary according to the surface area of each cookie, so avoid upgrading to a significantly larger size. Whatever cutter you choose, arrange the cutouts on a parchment-lined half sheet pan, and bake until they're golden around the very edges but still rather pale in the middle. If needed, rotate the sheet pan 90° about halfway through to ensure even browning.

Overhead shot of owl-shaped shortbread biscuits on parchment.

Serious Eats / Vicky Wasik

The Filling

They may be called E.L. Fudge cookies, but the filling is really just a simple chocolate frosting that can be whipped up in the time it takes for the fresh-baked cookies to cool. Just sift some Dutch-process cocoa with powdered sugar, and slowly beat it into a bowlful of butter. The mixture may seem dry at first, but keep at it until the frosting comes together in a dark and fudgy paste. To that end, reach for an ultra-dark Dutch-processed cocoa, like Cacao Barry Extra Brute; its alkalinity gives the chocolate an earthy depth that seems fudgier than the brighter, fruitier notes of natural cocoa.

If you're the sort of person who generally stays away from powdered sugar–based frostings, try using a tapioca-based powdered sugar instead. Compared to traditional cornstarch-based powdered sugar, these alternatives dissolve more readily on the tongue. Since almost every tapioca-based brand happens to be organic as well, you can also expect a bit more complexity of flavor due to the natural molasses content in raw cane sugar. For the full scoop and a more in-depth comparison, check out my write-up here.

Piping and Sandwiching

Once the filling is creamy and smooth, transfer it to a disposable pastry bag and snip off the end to create a roughly quarter-inch opening. If you happen to have one, feel free to use a plain coupler or a quarter-inch pastry tip for a more polished look.

Overhead of shortbread biscuits, chocolate frosting in a piping bag, cookie cutter, and baking sheet

Serious Eats / Vicky Wasik

If your cookies are symmetrical, flip half over before piping in the filling; if their shape is irregular, you'll want to leave them right side up to ensure the edges of the sandwich cookies line up. In either case, pipe a generous stripe of filling across the designated "bottoms," then gently press them together with the remaining halves.

From there, any sane person would immediately devour a cookie or two, which is to be expected and enjoyed. Just beware: The soft, freshly piped filling has a tendency to come squishing out the sides.

Hand pressing biscuit down on chocolate sandwich cookie with other cookies in foreground.

Serious Eats / Vicky Wasik

To solidify the filling a bit, transfer the cookies to an airtight container and refrigerate about 15 minutes. Afterward, it'll retain a much firmer consistency at room temperature; perhaps not as firm as the filling in a commercially manufactured cookie, but as far as I'm concerned, the creamier texture is a major win. Just don't tell Ernie, okay?

PS: For those with a taste for history as well as cookies, my book includes the curious story of Godfrey Keebler, a German immigrant who founded a bakery in Philadelphia just after the Civil War; it's his name and legacy that accompany every package of Keebler cookies today.

Recipe Facts

4.3

(4)

Active: 45 mins
Total: 75 mins
Serves: 24 cookies

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Ingredients

For the Cookies:

  • 3 1/2 ounces sugar (about 1/2 cup; 100g)

  • 1/4 teaspoon (1g) Diamond Crystal kosher salt; for table salt, use about half as much by volume or use the same weight

  • 1/2 teaspoon baking powder

  • 4 ounces unsalted butter (about 8 tablespoons; 115g), pliable but cool

  • 1 ounce milk (about 2 tablespoons; 30g), any percentage will do

  • 1/2 ounce vanilla extract (1 tablespoon; 15g)

  • 7 3/4 ounces all-purpose flour (about 1 3/4 cups, spooned; 220g), plus more for dusting

For the Filling:

  • 4 ounces powdered sugar (about 1 cup, spooned; 110g)

  • 1 ounce Dutch-process cocoa powder (about 1/4 cup, spooned; 30g), such as Cacao Barry Extra Brute

  • 3 ounces unsalted butter (about 6 tablespoons; 85g), brought to about 72°F (22°C)

  • 1/4 teaspoon vanilla extract

  • 1/8 teaspoon (0.5g) Diamond Crystal kosher salt; for table salt, use about half as much by volume or use the same weight

Directions

  1. For the Cookies: Adjust oven rack to lower-middle position and preheat to 350°F (180°C). In the bowl of a stand mixer fitted with a paddle attachment, combine sugar, salt, baking powder, and butter. Mix at low speed to moisten, then increase to medium speed and cream until soft and light, about 5 minutes. Scrape bowl and beater with a flexible spatula, then resume mixing on low. Add about half of milk and vanilla; once incorporated, add about half of flour. Repeat with remaining liquid and dry ingredients, then scrape bowl and beater once more to make sure dough is well mixed.

    Collage showing shortbread biscuit dough being made in a stand mixer.

    Serious Eats / Vicky Wasik

  2. On a generously floured surface, roll dough to a 1/8-inch thickness, using as much flour as needed along the way to prevent sticking. Dust away excess flour with a pastry brush and decorate with a docking tool if you like. Cut into shapes with a cutter averaging about 2 1/2 inches in size (see note) and transfer to a parchment-lined half sheet pan. Gather up scraps, knead briefly, roll, and cut as before. Bake cookies until firm to the touch and light brown all over, about 16 minutes; if needed, rotate pan halfway through to ensure even browning. Cool directly on sheet pan and continue to step 3, or store in an airtight container for up to 3 days at room temperature.

    Overhead shot of hand cutting out shortbread cookies from rolled dough with more cookies on baking sheet.

    Serious Eats / Vicky Wasik

  3. For the Filling: Sift powdered sugar and cocoa together. In the bowl of a stand mixer fitted with a paddle attachment, combine soft butter, vanilla, and salt with about 1/3 of the sugar-cocoa mixture. Mix at low speed until dry ingredients are moistened, then add another 1/3 of sugar/cocoa and slowly increase to medium speed. Once sugar/cocoa is incorporated, reduce speed to low and add remaining mixture. Slowly increase to medium speed, then pause to scrape bowl and beater with a flexible spatula and resume mixing until creamy and smooth. (When the butter is too cold, the filling may seem stiff or thick, so take care to start with soft butter.) Transfer to a disposable pastry bag and snip the end to create a 1/4-inch opening.

    Collage of cocoa and icing sugar being sifted and whipped into frosting in stand mixer.

    Serious Eats / Vicky Wasik

  4. To Assemble the Cookies: Flip half of cookies upside down and pipe on approximately 1/4 ounce filling (no need to measure; this can be done by eye). Once half the cookies have been "filled," any excess filling can be redistributed as needed. Top with remaining cookies and transfer finished sandwich cookies to an airtight container.

    Fudge frosting being piped onto thin shortbread biscuits on parchment paper.

    Serious Eats / Vicky Wasik

  5. Refrigerate cookies 15 minutes to harden filling. If temperatures in your kitchen routinely climb above 70°F (21°C), the cookies are best stored in the fridge; bring a few to room temperature as needed to serve. Stored this way, cookies will last about 1 month. If your kitchen is generally cooler than 70°F, after chilling, cookies can be stored at room temperature for up to 1 week.

Special Equipment

Stand mixer fitted with paddle attachment, rolling pin, docking tool (optional), pastry brush, half sheet pan, owl-shaped cutter or other small shaped cutter (see note), disposable pastry bag

Notes

I love this owl-shaped cutter at Amazon, which is about the size of a Keebler Elf (1 inch wide and 3 1/4 inches long), but you can use whatever cutter you have on hand. Just bear in mind that the yield, and the amount of filling required, will vary dramatically if you choose a significantly larger shape.

Nutrition Facts (per serving)
134 Calories
7g Fat
17g Carbs
1g Protein
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Nutrition Facts
Servings: 24
Amount per serving
Calories 134
% Daily Value*
Total Fat 7g 9%
Saturated Fat 4g 21%
Cholesterol 18mg 6%
Sodium 36mg 2%
Total Carbohydrate 17g 6%
Dietary Fiber 0g 2%
Total Sugars 9g
Protein 1g
Vitamin C 0mg 0%
Calcium 11mg 1%
Iron 1mg 5%
Potassium 15mg 0%
*The % Daily Value (DV) tells you how much a nutrient in a food serving contributes to a daily diet. 2,000 calories a day is used for general nutrition advice.
(Nutrition information is calculated using an ingredient database and should be considered an estimate.)