David Chang of New York's Momofuku has proved that pretty much anything is delicious when served inside a steamed bun with sliced cucumbers, hoisin, and Sriracha. At Momofuku, the buns are stuffed with pork belly (the classic), shrimp, or shiitake mushrooms. These Chinese Roast Chicken Buns with Scallions and Spicy Hoisin Sauce from Mindy Fox's A Bird in the Oven and Then Some are obviously inspired by the Momofuku buns, but are filled with slices of smoky Tea-Brined Roast Chicken.
This is really two recipes in one. The process begins with making a tea brine for the chicken: a mix of darkly smoky Lapsang Souchong, orange juice and zest, anise, fennel, cloves, cinnamon, and peppercorns (i.e. the long hand version of Chinese five spice) makes up the chicken brine. Allowed to sit for 24 hours, the flavors of the brine really have a chance to flavor the chicken, even going so far as to tint the skin a rich, dark brown.
Once the chicken has been brined, it's drained and left to drain and dry. This extra step makes for a super crisp, crackly chicken skin, but can be skipped if time does not permit.
Fox gives wonderfully thorough instructions for how to make your own fluffy steamed buns, but again, if you don't feel like messing with a big, yeasted baking project you can certainly buy buns at your local Asian market. I opted to make my own: a very enjoyable process with spot-on results.
After all of that brining, roasting, kneading, resting, and steaming, putting the buns together is a breeze—just as simple as making a sandwich. Slices of tea-brined chicken are layered in the pillowy buns with a spicy-savory blend of hoisin and Sriracha, and a few slices of crisp cucumbers.
How did they measure up to the Momofuku version? Well, homemade bias aside, I have to say the tea-brined chicken brought in another element to an already wow-delicious preparation. The crisp skin and spices reminded me of Peking duck, fatty in a poultry way instead of a porky way. And the homemade buns? They weren't quite as pristine and uniform as the ones at Momo, but they were still pretty damn good.
- 1 cup unbleached plain flour
- 1/2 cup self-rising (cake) flour
- 1 1/2 teaspoons active dry yeast
- 1 1/2 teaspoons sugar
- 1/8 teaspoon fine sea salt
- 1/2 cup warm water (around 150°F)
- 1 teaspoon vegetable oil, plus more for brushing the dough
- 1 pound sliced roast chicken, preferably Tea-Brined Roast Chicken (recipe follows), white and/or dark meat, preferably with skin
- 2 tablespoons hoisin sauce
- 1 tablespoon Sriracha sauce
- 1 medium cucumber, thinly sliced crosswise
- 5 to 6 scallions, julienned or thinly sliced on a long diagonal (you might have some leftover)
- For the Tea-Brined Roast Chicken:
- 8 cups water
- 1 orange
- 1/3 cup loose Lapsang Souchong or Russian Caravan tea, or 12 teabags
- 5 whole cloves
- 2 cinnamon sticks
- 2 whole star anise pods
- 1 teaspoon whole black peppercorns
- 1 teaspoon fennel seeds
- 3 slices fresh ginger (each about 1 1/2 inches long and 1/8 inch thick)
- 1/2 cup kosher or sea salt
- 1/4 cup packed dark brown sugar
- 1 (4-pound) whole chicken
For the buns: In a large bowl, whisk together the flour, cake flour, yeast, sugar and salt; add the water and oil. Using your hands, mix and then knead in the bowl until a dough forms (add up to 1/4 cup more water by the tablespoonful, if necessary). Turn out the dough onto a lightly floured work surface and knead until smooth and elastic, about 5 minutes. Put the dough into an oiled bowl, turning the dough to coat it with oil, then cover with a clean tea towel and let rise at a draught-free warm room temperature, until doubled in size, 45 minutes to 1 hour. Meanwhile, cut out 12 (2 1/2 x 2 1/2-inch) squares of baking parchment.
Punch down the dough and form it into a 4-cm-thick rope. Cut into 12 equal pieces. Roll each piece into a ball. Place the balls on a baking tray, cover loosely with plastic wrap, and let rise at warm room temperature for 30 minutes.
Pat each piece into a long oval, about 5 x 2-inches in length, 1/8 inch thick. Brush 1 oval with oil, then fold in half lengthways, place on a parchment square and brush with oil. Place on a baking tray and repeat with the remaining dough pieces. Loosely cover the buns with clingfilm and let rise at a draught-free warm room temperature until nearly doubled in size, about 30 minutes.
Bring a few centimetres of water to a simmer in a saucepan so that the bottom of a steamer insert sits above the water. Arrange the buns, in batches, if necessary, about 1/2 inch apart, on the insert and steam over a medium heat, covered, until the dough is slightly puffed and cooked through, about 10 minutes.
Layer each bun with chicken, hoisin, Sriracha, cucumber and scallions.
For the Tea-Brined Roast Chicken: In a large saucepan, bring the water to the boil. Meanwhile, using a sharp peeler or knife, cut the zest from the orange, avoiding the white pith. If using loose tea, spoon into filters, or wrap in muslin and tie with kitchen string to secure.
When the water comes to the boil, remove the pan from the heat. Add the zest, tea, spices and ginger and leave the mixture to steep, uncovered and off the heat, for 20 minutes, then squeeze the liquid from the tea parcels or teabags and discard. Add the salt and sugar and stir to dissolve, then squeeze the juice from the orange into the mixture.
Pull off the excess fat around the cavity of the chicken and discard. Rinse the chicken and put it into a one gallon resealable bag. Put the bag into a bowl, then pour the brine into the bag and seal the bag, pressing out any air. Put the bowl in the refrigerator and leave the chicken to stand in the brine, turning it a few times, for 12–24 hours (the more time you have to let it sit, the deeper the flavor).
Remove the chicken from the brine and pat dry very well, inside and out. Arrange a wire rack to fit over a pan, place the bird in the pan and refrigerate, uncovered, for 12–24 hours (you can skip this step, but it’s well worth the advance planning – given the fact that the bird is quite wet from the brine, this step gives you the crispiest skin).
Heat the oven to 450°F with the shelf in the middle. Put an 8- to 10-inch cast-iron frying pan or heavy roasting tin into the heated oven for 10 minutes. Meanwhile, remove the bird from the refrigerator and pat dry any dampness, inside and out.
Carefully remove the hot pan from the oven and immediately place the bird, breast-side up, into it and into the oven. Roast for 20 minutes, then turn the bird breast-side down. Roast for a further 20 minutes,
A pasta pot with a deep perforated colander-steamer insert or a bamboo or metal steamer