Charles Phan's Green Papaya Salad with Rau Ram, Peanuts, and Crispy Shallots

Eric Wolfinger

As Charles Phan explains in his cookbook, Vietnamese Home Cooking, versions of green papaya salad abound across Southeast Asia. This ubiquity is not surprising given its presence on most Thai and Vietnamese restaurant menus throughout the States; however these often slapdash versions don't hold a candle to the hand-sliced, just tossed salad made at home.

Phan's version is relatively simple; crisp green papaya slivers mingle with pickled carrots, fried tofu, cucumbers, and celery. A dressing of potent fish sauce, vinegar, garlic, and chiles brings the vegetables together, and then the whole caboodle is topped with fried shallots and roasted peanuts. You will, of course, have find a good way to julienne a giant papaya, pickle carrots, fry both tofu and shallots, and mix it all together before dinner. It is no last-minute side dish, but you'll be happy to have put in the time.

Why I picked this recipe: When I think of Southeast Asian dishes, one of the first that comes to mind is papaya salad.

What worked: The time spent chopping, pickling, and frying the components of Phan's salad is well worth it once you taste the bright, tangy freshness.

What didn't: I didn't need to fry the tofu for the full 15 minutes; 10 was plenty of time to create a crisp, golden exterior. I would have also liked a little more acid in the fish sauce mixture; a table-side squirt of lime juice was welcome.

Suggested tweaks: Salads such as this one are ripe for personal tweaks: Don't like celery? Swap it out for more cucumber or carrots? Can't do tofu? Replace it with another crisp-chewy protein (like Phan's suggested beef jerky) or leave it out all together. Phan recommends slicing the papaya on the julienne setting on a mandolin for ease. However, it is certainly possible to julienne the papaya by hand if you don't have a mandolin. Just plan on extra prep time.

Reprinted with permission from Vietnamese Home Cooking by Charles Phan, copyright 2012. Published by Ten Speed Press, a division of Random House. All rights reserved. Available wherever books are sold.

Recipe Facts

Active: 60 mins
Total: 0 mins
Serves: 6 servings

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  • 2 cups canola oil
  • 6 ounces medium-firm tofu, patted dry and cut into 3- by 3-inch squares, 1/4-inch thick
  • 1 large green papaya (about 2 pounds), peeled, halved, seeded, and finely julienned with a mandoline or sharp knife (about 5 cups shredded)
  • 1/2 cup coarsely chopped fresh rau ram (Vietnamese coriander) or a mixture of spearmint and cilantro
  • 1/2 English cucumber, halved lengthwise and thinly sliced crosswise into half moons (about 1 cup)
  • 2 celery stalks, thinly sliced
  • 1/2 cup pickled carrots
  • 3/4 cup flavored fish sauce
  • 2 tablespoons shallot oil or canola oil
  • 1/4 cup roasted peanuts, finely chopped, for garnish
  • 1/3 cup fried shallots, for garnish


  1. In an 8-inch frying pan, heat the canola oil over high heat to 350°F on a deep-frying thermometer. When the oil is ready, carefully add the tofu slices and fry, turning once, for 15 minutes, until golden brown on both sides. Using a slotted spoon, transfer the tofu to paper towels to drain. When cool, cut into into strips 1/4 inch wide.

  2. In a large bowl, combine the papaya, rau ram, cucumber, celery, carrot, and tofu strips. Pour the flavored fish sauce and shallot oil over the top and toss to coat evenly. Transfer to a serving platter and garnish with the peanuts and shallots. Serve immediately.