Why It Works
- Diced aromatics infuse more flavor into the broth than the larger pieces often used in stock.
- Unflavored gelatin improves the body of stocks made with parts of the chicken that are less collagen-rich.
- Keeping the stock at a very gentle simmer eliminates the need for skimming: Just fine-strain when the stock is done, and the quality won't be compromised.
White chicken stock, in which neither the chicken nor the aromatics are roasted first, may be the most versatile of all stocks. It's also incredibly easy to make, leading to a deeply flavorful stock, using a method and ingredients that are as easy and accessible as possible. Requiring a minimal investment of time and effort, this stock will upgrade any dish or sauce you make much more reliably than the store-bought variety.
- 4 to 8 pounds (1.8 to 3.6kg) chicken parts, such as wings, bones, breasts, and legs (see note)
- 4 quarts (3.8L) water
- 2 large yellow onions, diced
- 4 large carrots, diced
- 4 large celery ribs, diced
- 8 crushed medium cloves garlic
- 2 large sprigs parsley (see note)
- 2 packets unflavored gelatin, dissolved in 1/2 cup (120ml) cold water (optional; see note)
Combine chicken, water, onions, carrots, celery, garlic, and parsley in a large stockpot and bring to a simmer over low heat. Lower heat, maintaining a very gentle simmer, and cook for 1 hour 30 minutes. Strain stock through a fine-mesh strainer, let cool, then transfer to containers and refrigerate until completely chilled, about 6 hours. Skim off and remove any fat and scum on the surface. Refrigerate for up to 5 days or freeze for up to 6 months. If stock is thin even after being fully refrigerated, add optional gelatin solution to stock and bring to a boil until fully dissolved, then refrigerate or freeze.
Four pounds of chicken for the four quarts of water here is the minimum I've found that will produce a good, flavorful stock. Packing in even more chicken—up to eight pounds per four quarts—will yield an even richer, deeper stock. Different parts of the chicken will contribute different amounts of gelatin to the stock: Breast meat produces a deliciously flavorful stock that is very thin, while wings produce a slightly less clean flavor, with lots of gelatin. If your stock still looks thin like water, even after being fully refrigerated, add the gelatin solution below. Feel free to add other herbs, such as fresh thyme or bay leaves.