Rotisserie Chicken Recipe

Taking rotisserie chicken from acceptable to crispy, juicy, life-affirming excellence requires salt, butter, a little extra time, and a hot charcoal fire.

A rotisserie chicken rotating on a spit.

Serious Eats / Joshua Bousel

Why This Recipe Works

  • Dry-brining the chicken overnight seasons the meat and keeps it moist while drying out the skin, which browns up nicely on the rotisserie.
  • Poking holes in the fatty areas of the bird with a skewer creates channels that allow them to render more effectively.
  • Basting the chicken with melted butter coats it with fat helps the skin crisp up as well as milk solids which brown up in the heat, adding a nutty flavor and deeply bronzed color.

There are few delights that rival the skin of a rotisserie chicken. Sure the juicy, flavorful meat is great, too, but the thin, browned skin that's crisped up in the bird's own slowly rendering fat is something I live for—it's the reason I got a rotisserie attachment for my grill in the first place. But three years after receiving that gift, I realized I was too hung up on specialty birds like Peruvian and mojo chickens; shamefully, I'd never cooked a single standard rotisserie chicken. I decided it was high time to right that wrong and set out to perfect the basics.

Not So Good Rotisserie Chicken

A rotisserie chicken turns on a spit over a charcoal fire.

Serious Eats / Joshua Bousel

I figured the best way to start was with the simplest possible approach: I bought a medium-size four-pound bird, unwrapped it, patted it dry with paper towels, and threw it on the spit. I usually brine my chickens before cooking, but given that the bird would be be basting in its own juices, I thought it might wind up being an unnecessary step.

I set up the chicken to slowly rotate over an indirect fire, with one full chimney of charcoal split into two equal piles on each side of the grill grate. With a bit of windchill going on, this left the temperature inside the grill only around 350-375°F (175-190°C), taking the chicken just about an hour to reach 160°F (71°C) in the breast.

Even with the long cook, this bird looked pretty sorry. The skin only turned a pale, light brown and lacked flavor, with a texture that was too thick and chewy. The meat, slightly dry and tasteless, suffered a similar fate.

Okay Rotisserie Chicken

Two chickens afixed to a rotisserie spit. The one on the left looks raw and is labeled "not air dried;" the other has translucent and pale skin and is labeled "air dried overnight."

Serious Eats / Joshua Bousel

While that lackluster bird was cooking, I also readied another, using a few bits of chicken know-how that I've used and developed over the last year.

First, I brined the bird for an hour in a saltwater solution to help enhance its internal moisture. Then, after I removed it from the brine, I patted it dry, set it on a wire rack, and placed it in the fridge to air-dry overnight. Drying out the skin is part of what makes my grilled wings work so well, and I suspected it would work similarly for a rotisserie bird.

But that ended up being only partly true. The brine did help the meat stay juicy, and the outside it brown more, but it still didn't come close to reaching the intensity of flavor I was shooting for. There was a little streak of hope, though.

Closeup of the brined and air-dried chicken after cooking on the rotisserie. The skin is nicely browned. A particularly dark path is labeled "the good stuff."

Serious Eats / Joshua Bousel

A sole line of darker skin had formed, where the fat poured out from a hole I'd made when taking the bird's temperature with a probe thermometer. That strip of skin provided a little taste of what I was after, and gave me a clear direction to follow.

Pretty Damn Good Rotisserie Chicken

A collage of modifications made to the recipe labeled with closeups of what they depict: "air dry," "poke holes," "more heat," "brushing of butter."

Serious Eats / Joshua Bousel

The brine and air-dry method seemed to be working out, so I followed that procedure again, but added a few extra steps this time around.

I knew I needed more heat to get better browning, so I added an extra half chimney of charcoal on top of what I'd used before, which brought the grill temp into the 425-450°F (220-230°C) range. Then, noticing that holes in the skin provided a portal for the fat to escape and baste the skin, I poked holes all over the bird using a skewer, especially in fattier thigh areas. Finally, to jumpstart the browning, I brushed the chicken with butter when it first went on the rotisserie.

Closeup of rotisserie chicken on the spit prepared according to the modified recipe.

Serious Eats / Joshua Bousel

These all added up to make a pretty damn juicy, tender, and flavorful chicken. It was certainly a great home attempt, but yet another version eclipsed this one.

Really Excellent Rotisserie Chicken

The final "really excellent" iteration of rotisserie chicken, which looks especially bronzed.

Serious Eats / Joshua Bousel

I have yet to fully jump on the dry brining bandwagon—a few previous attempts have left my chickens and turkeys too salty for my taste—but I gave it another shot here.

Instead of brining the bird in saltwater, I coated it inside and out with a couple tablespoons of kosher salt before letting it air dry. The rest of the steps were the same as my previous recipe.

"Really excellent" rotisserie chicken, transferred to rest on a cutting board.

Serious Eats / Joshua Bousel

This was by far the best chicken to come off my rotisserie. Fears that the bird would wind up too salty proved unfounded, and the extra salt was exactly what I'd needed to concentrate the flavor of the skin and meat. It also browned better and was just as moist as a regularly brined chicken.

I didn't finish the whole bird that day, but I couldn't help but peel off all the skin and eat it while it was still warm and at its best (I pulled the leftover skinless chicken and made it into enchiladas later in the week). As good as this was, I was left thinking that even more heat might do the rotisserie bird more justice. You could get that effect with lump charcoal—which burns hotter than briquettes—or direct heat, although fatty flare-ups could make that problematic. I'm sure I'll give it yet another shot, but for now, I've found a method that is sure to cook up one truly excellent rotisserie chicken.

February 2014

Recipe Details

Rotisserie Chicken Recipe

Active 15 mins
Total 9 hrs
Serves 2 to 4 servings

Taking rotisserie chicken from acceptable to crispy, juicy, life-affirming excellence requires salt, butter, a little extra time, and a hot charcoal fire.


  • 1 whole chicken, about 4 pounds

  • 2 tablespoons kosher salt

  • 2 tablespoons butter, melted


  1. Pat chicken dry with paper towels. Sprinkle with salt all over outside and in cavity. Set chicken on a wire rack set in a baking sheet and place in refrigerator overnight.

    Profile view of a dry-brined chicken after brining/drying overnight in the refrigerator.

    Serious Eats / Joshua Bousel

  2. Using a skewer, poke holes all over chicken. Tuck wings underneath chicken and truss legs together with butcher twine. Run spit through cavity of chicken and secure with rotisserie forks.

    The dry-brined chicken, skewered on the rotisserie spit, is perforated in the fatty area with a bamboo skewer.

    Serious Eats / Joshua Bousel

  3. Light one chimney full of charcoal. When all the charcoal is lit and covered with gray ash, pour out and arrange the coals on either side of the charcoal grate. Place a foil pan between two piles of coals. Add an additional 1/4-1/3 chimney of charcoal on each pile of coals; let sit until all charcoal is lit and covered in gray ash.. Place spit on rotisserie and brush chicken all over with butter. Cover grill and cook at medium high heat until skin has browned and chicken registers between 155° and 160°F (68° and 71°C) on an instant read thermometer inserted into the thickest part of breast, 30 to 45 minutes. Remove from grill and let rest for 10 minutes. Remove spit, carve, and serve.

    Closeup of a chicken on the spit, ready to remove from the rotisserie and serve.

    Serious Eats / Joshua Bousel

Special Equipment

Grill, rotisserie, chimney starter, rimmed baking sheet, cooling rack, instant-read thermometer

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Nutrition Facts (per serving)
642 Calories
39g Fat
0g Carbs
68g Protein
Show Full Nutrition Label Hide Full Nutrition Label
Nutrition Facts
Servings: 2 to 4
Amount per serving
Calories 642
% Daily Value*
Total Fat 39g 51%
Saturated Fat 13g 65%
Cholesterol 233mg 78%
Sodium 1218mg 53%
Total Carbohydrate 0g 0%
Dietary Fiber 0g 0%
Total Sugars 0g
Protein 68g
Vitamin C 0mg 0%
Calcium 39mg 3%
Iron 3mg 17%
Potassium 554mg 12%
*The % Daily Value (DV) tells you how much a nutrient in a food serving contributes to a daily diet. 2,000 calories a day is used for general nutrition advice.
(Nutrition information is calculated using an ingredient database and should be considered an estimate.)