How to Set Up a Prep Station Like a Pro Cook

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[Photographs: Vicky Wasik, Video: Serious Eats Team]

When I’m just throwing together a quick breakfast or dinner for myself, all my training goes right out the window. I’ll break down a chicken with a utility knife just because it’s the first thing I pick up, or peel carrots directly on the cutting board instead of into a trash receptacle. My current weird off-hours habit: Stirring big pots of stew and mixing bowls full of thick chocolate pudding with the world’s smallest spatula. Why? I don’t know, I just really love my tiny spatula.

Most days, when I’m simply scrambling eggs or preparing a salad at home, I don’t give a ton of thought to my workspace. But that doesn’t mean there’s never a reason to be better organized. In a restaurant, you always need an organized and efficient prep space, even if you’re just scrambling eggs, because you’re likely doing it at a much faster pace and higher volume—while also poaching, frying, and over-easy-ing. In a tiny space. With someone yelling at you. Also, you’re probably hungover.

In a professional setting, a good line cook always sets up "stations" specific to the task at hand, regardless of what’s on the menu.

When cooking at home, you don’t need to set yourself up as rigorously as someone might in a restaurant kitchen, but there are still plenty of helpful tips to take from professional chefs. Stations make the most sense when preparing large quantities; if you’re just chopping one onion, it’ll take you longer to find and wash the multiple receptacles than to tackle the job. In those cases, don’t overthink it. But if I find myself making French onion soup for the neighborhood, then a pro setup is worth it. These tricks are especially useful if you’re planning a dinner party for friends or spending the weekend pretending to be on Chopped (everyone does that, right?). If you understand the main goals for any station, then you can create one that works best for you in your kitchen.

The details of every restaurant station are different depending on the job and the cook. If I’m working the grill station, I always keep a brush and oiled rag close by to clean and grease the grates between orders; while I’m on garde manger (cold dishes), I hoard all the mixing bowls for tossing salads. I’m short, so I rarely make much use of shelves and instead try to position myself next to tall people for strategic assistance. (Yes, people can be part of your station too.)

These are the three main points to consider for any efficient workspace:

  • Keep it tight: The less you move, the faster you move, so keep all necessary tools close at hand.
  • Have a landing zone: Keep your cutting board clutter-free by moving prepped stuff out of the way and onto a tray or into bowl.
  • Clean as you go: Working over a trash bowl and frequently wiping down with a wet towel makes it easy to move between different tasks and keeps cleanup quick.

Here are some examples of different prep stations, each designed to speed up workflow and cleanup. In each case, they’re set up the way I would in a restaurant. You don’t have to do it exactly the same way at home (in some cases, setting up one of these stations would take longer than just completing a very basic task), so use this less as a you-must-do-it-this-way rule and more as a starting point for thinking about how to work as efficiently as possible.

General Prep Station for Vegetables

Station for prepping vegetables with cutting board, towels, knives

With any general prep, it’s important to always start by securing the cutting board with a wet side towel. I like to also keep a folded wet towel nearby for wiping the board and knife down in between each task. It helps to keep your knives on a dry towel so they don’t slide around while working and the blade doesn’t rest directly against a hard surface.

A scrap container is always handy to peel directly over and keep the board clean without having to make frequent trips to the garbage. You could also work with a trash can nearby, but I’ve too often dropped a carrot mid-peel, and prefer to avoid casualties. Keeping your food scraps separate from the general trash also makes it easier to save for compost or stock.

I also like to have everything I’m about to prep nearby, so I can stay by my cutting board the entire time, instead of popping in and out of the fridge. For a landing zone, I like to have an empty sheet tray close by, but if you’re not prepping a ton of stuff, you can just put your prepped mise en place back onto their original trays.

Pro Tip! A bench scraper or rubber bowl scraper is great for moving stuff off the cutting board.

Chicken Prep Station

Station for prepping raw chicken with plastic cutting board, knife, gloves

Breaking down chickens can be a messy job, especially if you’re doing a few at a time, so I like to set a plastic cutting board in a rimmed baking sheet to catch any drips before they run all over my countertop.

Here I stick with paper towels instead of cloth for everything from anchoring the boards to setting down the knife, so I can toss them when I’m all done. I always wear gloves when handling raw meat—not to avoid washing my hands, but instead for the better grip it allows me. With raw chicken, it’s especially important to have a landing zone and scrap container ready before you touch the raw meat. The last thing you want is to reach for anything while handling raw chicken and risk cross contamination.

Pro Tip! Kitchen shears or poultry shears are always useful to have nearby when prepping chicken, not only to remove the backbone for spatchcocking, but also to clip off wing tips or trim any extra fat around the cavity.

Fish Prep Station

Station for prepping fish with plastic cutting board, knives, fish tweezers

Unlike chicken, preparing fish is not as messy of a task, so I skip the protection of a sheet tray and instead simply secure a plastic cutting board with a wet cloth towel. Depending on how you are preparing your fish you’ll need different tools, but it’s useful to have a fillet knife or deba, utility or paring knife, as well as a set of fish tweezers.

A small container with water is great for dipping tweezers into to quickly rinse pin bones off the tip. It’s also good to keep a scrap container nearby to collect the heads and bones for fish stock or fumet. Gloves again help me get a secure grip on the fish, while a parchment-lined rimmed baking sheet for the prepped fish keeps the board clean.

Pro Tip! It's helpful to remove fins and tails with kitchen shears or poultry shears before breaking down fish for easier access to the flesh and to avoid accidentally piercing yourself on the fin bones.

Breading Station

Station for three-step breading with flour, egg wash, breadcrumbs

If you’re anything like me, then you know what it feels like to start a recipe with a simple three-step breading procedure only to lose focus and devolve into a primitive dough-fisted monster. Good breading technique tells you to always keep one hand dry—for flour-ing and crumb-ing—and another wet—for picking up the unbreaded items and dipping into egg wash. This divide and conquer approach allows you to bread all day without fish-fingering yourself.

You can avoid, or at least minimize, burying your fingers in breading by starting with an organized setup. I line up bowls of flour, egg wash, and breadcrumb in one row so I can cleanly move from left to right. I keep the stuff I’m about to bread close by, along with a sheet tray with a wire cooling rack or parchment paper for the finished breaded items.

Pro Tip! I find it helps me keep my wet hand and dry hand in their respective ingredients if I chant to myself...but I've also been known to drink while cooking.

Frying Station

Station for frying

Frying at home always has the potential to become very messy, so it’s especially important to keep everything you need close by, with your workflow moving in one direction. I like to set myself up to work from the left to the right, with the stuff to be fried hugging the burner on the left and my landing zone directly to the right of the pot of oil, minimizing oil drips, spills, and burns. If you’re working on a stovetop, this might mean setting up your landing zone on top of the neighboring burner.

A digital clip-on thermometer takes the guesswork out of frying, while a kitchen spider is the best tool for fishing foods out of the pot, allowing them to drain oil back into the pot before you set them over paper towels. Fried foods are best seasoned right out of the oil, so I keep the salt close by to sprinkle on immediately.

Pro Tip! Make sure to always have extra kosher salt on hand to sop up any potential oil spills.