Albumen is greatly reduced by the brining process.
I find a sugar brine is beneficial when a piece of salmon is not necessarily at its prime, it helps remove/dilute/something the oils/flavors that have started going off.
I usually just cook the salmon whole and cut it after. Yes the cuts are not as neat, but then I do not have to play the "did it stick together" game.
A pat of butter or other oil keeps it from sticking to the bag. Also the bag itself (bag type) can influence weather it sticks.
I strongly suspect that the "sawdust" results are due to the cut. In the description, Kenji carefully describes the different cuts of brisket and different treatments of those cuts, basically those are: flat versus point and trimmed versus untrimmed.
For a good brisket, no matter how you cook it, you want to keep the fat on it. I always cook my brisket untrimmed. A trimmed brisket takes a lot more care and is substantially more likely to come out dry or chewy.
Most of the "sawdust" results are likely a result of using a trimmed flat cut. You want an untrimmed point cut for this recipe. Or, in my case, I used an untrimmed full cut (both point and flat).
If you are using a trimmed flat, you need to be substantially more careful. For a trimmed flat, I would cook this between 57C-63C for 24 hours. I would even consider going down to 57C. In fact, when I did my full cut I did it at 57C (had to double check) and it turned out great: but that is a function of the quality of the meat cut, high grade meat will turn out well despite the lower temperature.
I would also consider doing an injection brim for a trimmed flat, because you are going to remove a lot of that liquid and the brine will help with retention.
You will notice that most of the people talking about how great this was had a fattier piece of meat, which implies they followed the recipe and used the point as suggested by Kenji, "a point-cut brisket is far more forgiving."
I would say that 68C at 24 hours is definitely too hot for a trimmed flat, it will be dry and falling apart because you will have rendered out nearly all of the suet.
Sous Vide is about math and science. ChefSteps put out a good Map of Sous Vide a while back: https://www.chefsteps.com/activities/a-map-of-sous-vide-cooking
Basics: Pick the food, the temperature of doneness desired, and the relevant time. Adjust time based on the thickness of the food. Thus a 2" steak will take longer to cook than a 1" steak.
More: Pick the food, evaluate the temperature range for doneness desired, pick the time based on when and how things break down/melt/dissolve/sublate/etc and cook it long enough to have that happen.
I do not buy the uncooked meat smokes better than cooked meat hypothesis. What I do understand is that moist meat smokes better than dry meat. The moisture helps the meat uptake the smoke flavor through adsorption, but you are looking at 1/2" to 1" of smoke flavor maximum. Anything deeper in simply is not going to adsorb the flavor, unless you have cut slits into your meat and spread them to allow direct contact with the smoke.
However, liquid definitely takes up smoke flavor through adsorption, which does enter the meat when the liquid is re-absorbed. However that reabsorption is generally minimal. Take two roasts, cook them side by side, same amount of time, weigh them both immediately, pat one dry, put the other to the side, wait ten minutes, pat the second dry, weigh again. I hypothesize that the change in weight will not be substantially different. However, if you really want to test it, the make a brine out of dye, apply it to your meat, and see how far the dye spreads -- you could also do it by sprinkling dye on the outside when you pull it out, then waiting to see how much is absorbed back in. I hypothesize you would see some movement, but not a lot. It would be enlightening to do this test a few dozen times, with varying wait times and hold temperatures to see the real impact.
The reality is that the smoke is mostly on the surface. With a dry meat, you are going to reduce the amount of adsorption, as it will only be to the dry surface, and not passed through liquid as well.
The only other reason you get more smoke flavor from smoking before is that if you sous vide it after, you are going to cook that smoke flavor in more. I am not a huge fan of it though, as it often results in the meat tasting too smokey or having a metallic taste to it.
@goatboy: For long-term storage (> 1 month), prep the meat for cooking, vacuum seal it, and then put it in the freezer raw. Then, when you are ready to cook it, pull it out, drop it straight into the sous vide, add an hour of time (really for 24 hour cooking times it does not matter much) and go for it.
For mid-term storage (4 days), prep it, sous vide it, freeze it. Reheat for 2-3 hours in hot water (same as cooking temp usually) (depends on thickness), and finish it off.
For short-term storage (
I froze my meat, because I had to travel 300 miles with it. I did not want it warming up in the cooler, so I took it all the way down instead. Otherwise, I would have cooked it Thursday night for eating Monday afternoon and just stored it in the fridge.
I modified the ChefSteps method in a surprisingly similar way to the SE method for a 17 pound full brisket (point and flat) for the Fourth of July.
Tuesday: Lightly salted the brisket, threw it straight into a giant souse vide bag whole, cooked it at 152F for 24 hours.
Wednesday Night: Put it on dry ice and into the freezer.
Sunday Morning: Took it out, put it in a hot water bath (tap hot), let it defrost a bit.
Sunday Afternoon: Cut it open, reserved the juices. Put the ChefSteps dry rub on it (I like the added spiciness), put it in a Big Chief smoker (max temp 150 F) for 2 hours. Then put it in the oven at 250F for 2 hours to set the crust. Finally, put it back into the fridge.
Monday Noon (Fourth of July): Took it out, sliced it up, served it. It was absolutely divine and because it was chilled easier to cut and serve. After about 20 minutes it was room temperature, which was perfect. For the people that wanted it hot, they threw the thin slices on the grill for 30 seconds to a minute and then ate them. I only put out a platter at a time for food safety reasons.
Total time spent working with the meat hands-on: 45 minutes.
Total cooking time: 28 hours over 6 days.
Tuesday: Leftovers! Made fantastic french dip sandwiches with it and the juice reserved from earlier. Reduced a couple cups of red wine, put the juice on it, let it simmer down until it was about 2/3 gone, and it made a fantastic au jus.
Wednesday: Calls from friends started coming in for the recipe and asking me to make it again next year.
Note, freezing it had no substantial impact on the texture or flavor in my opinion.
When I do not want something to be as sweet, but it needs the sugar to develop properly, I often use invert sugar instead. Invert sugar is marginally less sweet than sucrose. Great information on sugar values is here: http://owlsoft.com/pdf_docs/WhitePaper/Rel_Sweet.pdf
For those that have a problem seeing the color change, I find bringing the butter to between 120C and 135C (with 128-130C usually being perfect) hits the mark for perfectly browned butter every time. The larger range lets you control depth of flavor.
Also, adding additional nonfat milk solids lets you make a LOT of nibbles!
Oxtails are amazing, but they are steadily becoming absurd in price. I get it, they're becoming popular and their really is not a lot of oxtail available compared to the rest of the cow.
Quick tip on oxtail: braise & pressure cook! You can put an oxtail stew together in under an hour if you pressure cook them.
Any chance that the type of cornstarch or flour you used was of a different grind? A finer ground would make it absorb more liquid, which plus packing too heavily would make you need to use substantially more liquid than the recipe calls.
Cornstarch and flour both come in many different grinds/weights.
I completely detach the skin from the breast. Kenji does the same thing, http://www.seriouseats.com/recipes/2013/11/turkey-porchetta-food-lab-recipe.html
5. Carefully roll of the turkey meat into a tight cylinder, using the skin to completely enclose it. Tie the roast tightly with butcher's twine at 1-inch intervals, as well as once lengthwise. Transfer the roast to a wire rack set in a rimmed baking sheet, cover loosely with plastic wrap, and refrigerate at least 6 hours and up to 2 days. Follow the the slideshow here for step-by-step photos.
See Ready to Roll on the slideshow: http://www.seriouseats.com/2013/11/the-food-lab-turkey-porchetta-thanksgiving-recipe-slideshow.html
If you can find transglutaminase in a small quantity, it would be the best source. I don't have a specific source for it, I buy it in a large packet, fire up the dehydrator, repackage it with my vacuum sealer into usable amounts, and freeze the packets. They last about two years as a result.
@Snead: It is not a typo. You remove the skin first, so you have a large square of it. You then remove the breasts as a single piece. Finally you remove the dark meat.
You then prepare the skin. I use transglutaminase, but you can use salt to do the same thing (just doesn't work as well). You lay the breasts onto the skin, prep the inside of the breast, put the dark meat on that, and roll it all up. I put transglutaminase inside the meat as well, to help it hold together, but again salt can do the job just not as well. You then roll it up.
I typically cook the dark meat ahead of time, just to ensure it is tender and fully cooked as it cooks at a higher temperature than the white meat. Last time I did it, I breaded and fried the dark meat, then put that in the core. It was tasty!
Short answer --
Straining the way this recipe calls for would be a serious endeavor. If you let it set for at least a few days it will separate. The curds will float to the top and some trub will fall out to the bottom. I then put a siphon into the middle and siphoned off the punch, taking care to not disturb the trub or curds. Simple, quick, effective.
Long rambling answer with other observations --
The length of time you let it sit mostly mellows out the flavor. I noticed very little difference between letting it sit with the curds and trub in it versus not. The longest I took to filter was 6 weeks for one batch, and it turned out great.
For what it is worth, I found that the amount and quality of the trub was directly impacted by the type of milk I used. I cannot remember which of the homogenized-pasteurized or not combos worked best and cannot find my notes on it. However, my intuition is that homogenization makes the trub lighter because the fat globules are broken up in that process. In the batch that didn't work as well, the fat was super-light and would float at the lightest stirring of the jar. It was obnoxious, but I was still able to filter the batch.
After I siphoned off the main body of the punch, I dumped the remainder into a cheese cloth, put it over a bowl, tightened it down like I was making cheese, and let it strain into the bowl. I then passed that through a coffee filter.
The batch I did with, I think homogenized milk, was really hard to siphon. I ended up running the whole batch, which was mostly non-cloudy by then, through a coffee filter just to strain it out more.
However, filtering out that last little bit with a coffee filter really wasn't really necessary. I did get a few cups of fluid, but in a large batch it was a small percentage. I imagine in a small batch it would be worth doing.
For this large batch I tried a few variations on recipe, which resulted in six gallon jars. Next time I will probably just make one batch and do it in one of my brew carboys for a simple 5 gallon batch. It would be also be a lot easier to filter out in that scenario, as the separation would be more dramatic.
Overall, I spent about 30 minutes siphoning it all off, which would have been about 15 minutes if I had done it all in a carboy instead of separate jars. The filtering took about an hour, but it was truly optional and I simply set that up and ignored it: it did not require active labor. Next time I will probably skip filtering the trub and head.
For anyone who is curious . . . I made a valiant effort at trying to find something useful to do with the curds on top. They were stripped of all oils due to the alcohol. They were dry and nasty. I tried adding olive oil and a dozen other things to make something out of them. Nothing really worked. They had a good residual flavor, but were so grainy and dry it was not wort hit. If anyone finds something to do with the recipe's leftovers like that, I would be thrilled. I simply feel bad throwing away that many curds, but see no other real option.
I made 5 gallons of this last year for Thanksgiving and Christmas. Made it on Halloween, and proceeded to drink it over the next two months. It reached its peak right before Christmas. People loved it both hot and cold. Several variations on this as well, tastes differ.
Adding some vodka (or other alcohol of choice) to your batter will reduce gluten formation, which helps you maintain a light batter even when overwhipped.
First meringue: perfect.
Second meringue: perfect.
Third meringue: soup.
Fourth meringue: perfect.
Fifth meringue: soup.
Sixth meringue: soup.
No change in technique, definitely no oils, so why the heck is this turning to soup?
Closest thing the U.S. has in stores to Laban is Kefir. Not quite the same though. However, Lassi is readily available at Indian restaurants, but it is sweeter. A salt lassi (my favorite) is much closer to Laban though.
As long as we are discussing yogurt drinks (it would be great to see a post on SE about this, maybe there is somewhere..) one of the oddest I have had is carbonated Dhoog from Iran. I am going to have to try it again, as my initial experience with it was less than positive, but I am not convinced that was the fault of the drink or the fault of the company I had.
Ayran is good too, very similar to Laban. Very similar to Qatiq, but doesn't seem to sour as fast.
Now Kumis, that is where things get weird, especially the places that make it out of fermented mare's milk or camel milk (which is called Chal instead). My first encounter with it was from a Mongolian client who brought me airag as a thanks.
Haven't tried Chalap yet, but would be interested in giving it a try as it's basically carbonated salty Qatiq.
And if you want to stay closer to Europe, try Iceland's Skyr -- mmm.
Not really certain any of those qualify as a buttermilk replacement though, although the North African form of Laban is similar to cultured buttermilk.
As for buttermilk, I prefer natural buttermilk over cultured buttermilk. Tangier and more delicious and a great ingredient in recipes. And sadly substantially harder to get because it spoils so fast. Easier just to make your own at that point.
What are blood cherries? Finding a few ornamental varieties called a blood cherry due to their leaf and flower color, but no blood cherry fruit.
Thanks! Embarassing to see that I missed that post.
@Max: A quick article suggestion for tea -- talk about the water. Some teas taste better with different waters. Just like brewing beer, brewing tea can really vary based on the profile of the water used. My favorite tea house (now closed) had a wall of different bottled (large bottles) water to brew its teas with. It may be fun to talk about the different water profiles by area where the tea comes and the water profiles recommended to drink it with.
@Max: Good tip, I'll give that a try. Thanks!
By the way good article. :)
I have a beautiful clay teapot . . . and frustratingly any tea I put in it starts to grow mold within 20 minutes. I assume it has somehow been infused with mold spores at this point. I have tried boiling it, vinegar, and dozens of other things, but none of them seem to fix it. I literally cannot make more than a single pot of tea in it and honestly with it growing mold I don't want to brew any tea in it!
I skip the starch and use 4% by weight sodium citrate. Amazing cheese sauce or fondue, never breaks, adds virtually no flavor, and comes out perfect every time. Add all the wine and lemon juice you want for flavor then and you are set to go. I also take my fondue to parties all of the time by simply throwing it in a furnace, it lasts for hours and I can pour out just enough to be used at a time.
Congeals the juices so they do not go splattering everywhere when you put it into the hot oil.