From the most tea-producing region in the most tea-producing country in the world comes Assam tea, a sultry, malty black tea among India's most famous. Discovered in the early 1800s growing wild in the tropically warm and wet Assam region at the edge of the eastern Himalayan mountains, this indigenous tea is versatile enough to have been planted throughout Asia, proving extremely prolific, easy to grow, and able to be harvested frequently.
'tea history' on Serious Eats
If you like woodland legends, oolong's is a good one. They say this semi-fermented tea was discovered by a hunter (or a tea farmer, depending who you ask) named Wu Liang, who was beguiled by the beauty of a passing deer. In the process of his deep distraction, the tea leaves he was carrying became bruised and rumpled, starting the process of oxidation that would lead to an even more beguiling catch...in his teacup.