Cemitas are a Mexican sandwich that originally hails from the State of Puebla and gets its name from the bun itself, also known as a cemita. This recipe shows you how to make a Pueblan-style cemita with a fried milanesa beef, chicken, or pork cutlet filling. Loaded with fine strands of shredded Oaxacan cheese, plenty of ripe avocado, chipotles or pickled jalapeños, and papalo, a fragrant Mexican herb with a flavor all its own, it's a masterpiece of sandwich construction.
Why It WorksOne of the world's great sandwiches Read the Whole Story
- Pulling some bread from the top buns helps make a slightly more compact (though still gloriously overstuffed) sandwich.
- Pulling the cheese into hair-thin strands creates a texture in each bite that can't be beat.
- 4 (6-ounce) pieces beef, pork, or chicken cutlets, very thinly pounded
- 1 cup milk
- 1 cup all-purpose flour
- 1 cup bread crumbs
- Canola or vegetable oil, for frying
- Kosher salt and freshly ground black pepper
- 2 ripe medium Hass avocados, halved, pitted, and sliced
- 4 homemade or store-bought cemita buns (see note above), sesame-seed buns, or brioche buns, halved
- 2 cups shredded Queso Oaxaca from 1 (14-ounce) ball of cheese (see note above), or fresh mozzarella or string cheese, divided
- 12 raw onion rings (about 1/4 inch thick)
- 4 chioptle chiles from 1 (7-ounce) can whole chipotle chiles in adobo, or pickled jalapeños from 1 (12-ounce) can
- 20 leaves papalo (see note above), or fresh cilantro leaves
- Extra-virgin olive oil, for drizzling
Set wire rack on a sheet pan. Place milk in a shallow dish. Place flour in another shallow dish. Place bread crumbs in third shallow dish. Working one at a time, dip cutlets in milk, then dredge in flour, shaking off excess. Return to milk, then dredge in bread crumbs, pressing to adhere. Place breaded cutlets on a baking sheet.
Heat about 1/2 inch oil in a cast-iron skillet to 375°F. Working in batches and adding oil as needed to maintain level, fry cutlets, turning once, until golden brown on both sides, about 3 minutes per side. Transfer to a clean paper-towel-lined baking sheet. Season with salt and pepper when still hot.
Spread avocado on bottom bun halves. Top with fried cutlets. Mound half of the cheese on the cutlets.
Arrange onion rings on top of cheese. If using chipotles, tear into pieces and arrange on onion rings; alternatively, arrange pickled jalapeños on top of onion rings. Top with papalo and mound the remaining cheese on top. Drizzle with olive oil.
Scoop some bread from each of the top buns and discard. Close sandwiches and serve right away.