Hot Cross Buns

[Photograph: Alexandra Penfold]

The trouble with hot cross buns, at least in my experience, is they tend to not be very good. The buns of my childhood, were yeasty affairs devoid of the traditional currants and spice mixture and sold at the grocery stores in little aluminum pans of 6. The texture wasn't quite what I wanted it to be. I'd liken them to a sweetened pull apart roll, but a bit denser and usually sort of stale. After finding sweet, sweet success using challah dough to make monkey bread, I realized that the water + yeast technique used in challah dough, made for a fluffier, chewier bun than the scalded dairy technique I had tried before for other sweetened yeasted breads and this inspired me to play with the dough to make hot cross buns with the texture that I had been searching for.

Note: Make sure your instant yeast is lively! I tend to buy a one pound bag which admittedly takes me awhile to go through. At the proofing stage if you're seeing sluggish bubbling after 5 minutes, it's probably time to get new yeast.

I recommend using bread flour for this recipe. Bread flour has more protein than all-purpose flour which aids in producing gluten and makes for wonderfully elastic dough with a nice chewy texture. The protein also aids in absorbing the liquids. You can make it with all-purpose flour, but you may need to add a bit more by eye to make sure the dough isn't too wet when you go to knead it, which if you go too far adding more flour will result in a denser dough.

This recipe is loosely adapted from my favorite challah recipe, the Ima Challah found on Food52.

About the author: Alexandra Penfold is mild-mannered literary agent by day, food ninja by night. Never one to skip dessert she's the Brownie half of Blondie & Brownie, a Midtown Lunch contributor, and co-author of New York à la Cart: Recipes and Stories from the Big Apple's Best Food Trucks. You can follow her on Twitter at @BlondieBrownie.

Every recipe we publish is tested, tasted, and Serious Eats-approved by our staff. Never miss a recipe again by following @SeriousRecipes on Twitter!

Hot Cross Buns

About This Recipe

Yield:Serves 12
Active time:1 hour
Total time:4 1/4 hours
Special equipment:electric stand mixer, 8 x 8 pan, pastry bag with a large round piping tip
This recipe appears in: American Classics: Untraditional Hot Cross Buns


  • 3/4 cup warm water, divided
  • 2 tablespoons plus 1 teaspoon sugar, divided
  • 1 tablespoon instant (powdered) yeast
  • 3 cups (12.75 ounces) bread flour
  • 2 teaspoons ground cinnamon
  • 1 teaspoons salt
  • 1/2 cup golden raisins
  • 1/3 cup dried cherries, coarsely chopped
  • 2 1/2 tablespoons honey
  • 1/3 cup vegetable oil
  • 2 large eggs
  • 2 teaspoons vanilla extract
  • 4 tablespoons shortening
  • 2 tablespoons unsalted butter, softened
  • 6 ounces confectioners sugar
  • 1 tablespoon whole milk


  1. 1

    In a medium bowl add 1/2 cup warm water. Stir in sugar and sprinkle yeast on top. Cover with plastic wrap and set aside to proof for 5 minutes.

  2. 2

    In the bowl of a stand mixer whisk together remaining sugar, flour, cinnamon, and salt. Stir in raisins and cherries until the dried fruit is fully coated in flour. In a medium bowl whisk together remaining 1/4 cup of warm water, honey, vegetable oil, 1 egg, and vanilla extract.

  3. 3

    Add yeast mixture to flour, then add egg mixture. Stir with a large spoon until just incorporated, about a 30 seconds to a minute. Fit mixer with the dough hook attachment.

  4. 4

    Beat dough on medium for several minutes, adding in a few tablespoons of flour until it pulls away from the sides (it will still be stuck to the bottom). Once dough pulls away from the sides, remove from mixer and transfer to a well floured surface. Knead the dough for five minutes by hand, dusting lightly with flour as needed if it gets too sticky (dough will be slightly tacky, but shouldn't outright stick to your hands).

  5. 5

    Transfer dough to a well oiled large bowl. Cover with plastic wrap and set in a warm place to proof until doubled in size, about 2 hours.

  6. 6

    Spray an 8- by 8-inch baking dish with cooking oil. Once dough has doubled, remove from bowl to a well floured surface. Pat the dough out into an 8- by 8- inch square. Use a sharp knife or pizza cutter to cut the dough into 12 equal pieces. Shape dough into balls and place in the prepared baking dish. Cover baking dish and set in a warm place to rise for 1 hour.

  7. 7

    Move oven rack to the center position. Preheat oven to 350°F. Whisk remaining egg to make an egg wash for the buns. Unwrap the baking dish, brush the tops of the buns with the egg wash and place into the oven. Bake until the top is firm and a deep golden brown, about 25 to 30 minutes. Remove from oven and let the buns cool completely before frosting.

  8. 8

    In a large bowl or the bowl of a stand mixer beat together shortening and butter until thoroughly combined. Add confectioners sugar and continue beating, scraping down the sides as needed, until fully incorporated. Beat in whole milk until mixture is smooth. Transfer frosting to a pastry bag fitted with a large round tip. Pipe frosting in the shape of a cross over each bun once the buns have cooled. Store buns in an airtight container for up to one day (though they will be best when fresh).


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