Oregano was my herb of choice, but an Italian blend or your own favorite mix would be just fine. Though I typically use dried herbs when baking bread, you could use fresh. Three tablespoons of fresh herbs will substitute for the one tablespoon of dried. I cut the provolone into cubes and put a cube in the middle of each bun. The cheese melted and was soft when the buns were warm.
After the buns cooled completely, the cheese turned solid again and left a cheese-lined hole in the center of the buns, perfect for slicing in half and filling with, oh, I don't know, maybe some sausage?
If you don't want the hole-in-the-middle effect, you can cut the provolone into smaller bits and mix it into the dough. I used provolone, but any similar cheese would be fine; try cheddar, aged mozzarella, swiss, or munster.
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- Yield:makes 16 buns
- Active time: 25 minutes
- Total time:2 hours 30 minutes
- 1 cup lukewarm water
- 2 1/4 teaspoons instant yeast
- 2 tablespoons sugar
- 3 cups bread flour
- 2 tablespoons tomato paste
- 1 tablespoon oregano
- 1/4 teaspoon red pepper flakes
- 1 teaspoon salt
- 2 tablespoons olive oil
- 4 ounces provolone cheese, cut into 16 cubes
- 1/4 cup grated parmesan cheese (more as needed)
Combine the water, yeast, and sugar in bowl of stand mixer fitted with dough hoook attachment. Mix until just combined, then let rest 10 minute. Add bread flour, tomato paste, oregano, pepper flakes, and salt. Knead until the dough is smooth and elastic, about 10 minutes. Add the olive oil and continue kneading until the oil is completely incorporated and dough is smooth, shiny, and elastic, about 2 minutes. Cover the bowl with plastic wrap and set aside until doubled in size, about 1 hour.
When the dough has doubled, flour work surface and turn out dough. Knead dough briefly, then divide into 16 equal pieces. Wrap each piece of dough around one of the cubes of cheese and form the dough into a smooth ball. Sprinkle the parmesan cheese over the dough balls and roll them around to coat them with the parmesan. Place the dough balls in a 9-inch square pan and sprinkle any remaining cheese over the top. Cover the pan with plastic wrap and set aside until the dough doubles in size, about 30 minutes. Meanwhile, preheat the oven to 325°F with a rack in the center of the oven..
When the dough has doubled, uncover it, and if you like, grate additional cheese over the top. Bake at 325°F until nicely browned, about 30 minutes. Remove the buns from the pan and let them cool on a rack.