Red Dragons have red skins with white flesh. This is the most common dragonfruit, though you'll also find red-fleshed dragonfruits at the market too.
The Ataulfo is from Mexico but closely related to the Alphonso mango variety from India. Golden-fleshed with a smooth, buttery texture.
Surprise! This one's not white inside.
Aka the "Horned Melon." That spiky guy should be orange and fully ripened when you eat him. Next question: what exactly is going on in there? He tastes like a mix of bananas, limes, and cucumbers, and actually has cucumber-like seeds inside.
Korean Shingo Pear; Green Papaya
Shingos are about grapefruit-sized; these are some ginormous pears. Koreans usually peel off the skins, which are rougher than what you'd find on European pears.
The name is derived from the texture of cooked breadfruit, which is bread-like, and apparently the flavor is potato-like. So, basically the Martin's potato roll of fruits.
Thai guavas sort of resemble Granny Smith apples with a bad case of acne. They are pretty ugly. Not to be confused with Ugli Fruit, though—we'll get to those!
As for the Mexican guava, it has a creamy white inside. Sweet and fragrant.
Ready for this? It's banana time! (The banana section was one of my favorite parts.)
Though these were grown in Mexico, red bananas have origins in Australia. Smaller and plumper, they have a reddish-purple skin and a light pink banana flesh inside that's sweet and soft.
Do red bananas remind anyone else of the Mitch Hedberg joke? On a traffic light green means go and yellow means yield, but on a banana it's just the opposite. Green means hold on, yellow means go ahead, and red means where the f*** did you get that banana?
Small, but not quite as small as Baby Bananas.
Burro and Green Bananas
Burro bananas resemble regular bananas (ahhh, what even are regular bananas anymore?) but are shorter, stubbier, and more square. The flavor is a little tangier, like there's a hint of lemon.
Green bananas are supposed to be green. Don't wait for them to turn yellow; you'd be waiting forever, which doesn't sound fun. Also, don't eat them raw. Boil or sauté them to use in a salad (like potato salad) or smashed up in a pie (like shepherds pie).
Like, just a banana.
Key limes, Meyer lemons, a variety of grapefruits, and more from the citrus section.
If you've never had a mangosteen before, try to get your hands on one. It has white fruit inside that's sweet, tangy, juicy, and somewhat fibrous.
Eggplants of the World
Sicilian, Dominican, Indian, Thai, Italian.. Can't you just picture them all entering a Miss Eggplant Universe pageant?
Green, purple, and white.
Korean and European cucumbers. Slice up the Korean cukes for a spicy salad with red pepper flakes, rice vinegar, sesame oil, sesame seeds, garlic and some sugar. A very popular salad on the banchan spread.
Tomatoes and Relations
Next to the red tomatoes (of which there were MANY varieties and non-red colors), the tomatillos are smaller and wrapped in a paper-like husk. Related to the gooseberry, the tomatillo contains a fruit inside that should be used in this salsa recipe.
The most cuddly-sounding fruit! Actually, a signage typo; should read "Fuzzy Squash." The Chinese gourd has fine, hair-like fuzz covering its skin. Used in soups and stir-fries (after it's skinned and de-fuzzed of course).
Small leaves and purple stems. One-third of the Thai basil trinity. Not pictured: Thai holy basil and Thai lemon basil.
This was taken when ramps were still fresh in season. $19.99 a pound.
Mustard greens, broccoli rappini, endives, green leaf lettuce, and other leafy bunches.
Everything's more fun when it's purple.
Korean Sweet Potatoes
When cooked, these have a light yellow flesh instead of orange. The flavor is really chestnut-y, a little less sweet than yams.
Brown, hairy tubers that are closely related to taro root.
For all your meat-steaming needs. This succulent from Mexico has a thin outer leaf layer that's similiar to parchment paper in thickness and consistency. The Aztecs traditionally used it to wrap meat, then slow-cooked the bundle over an open pit flame.
The fruit with the lowest self-confidence. This citrus hybrid is a cross between a grapefruit (or pomelo), an orange, and a tangerine. Grows in Jamaica.